Mr. Chancellor, success in life is usually measured by the goals we achieve. I present to you now a man whose success was measured by the goals that weren't achieved. Ken Dryden spent nine years in the National Hockey League as goalie for the Montreal Canadiens, and became a household name in Canada on the strength of his athletic skills and talent. In five of those nine years, his team won the Stanley Cup. Honours bestowed on him include Rookie of the Year in 1971 and Most Valuable Player in the 1970 Stanley Cup playoffs. In 1983 he was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, and in 1984 into the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame. But athletic skill and talent are only a part of this man's repertoire. He combined his hockey career with an education that includes a Bachelor of Arts degree from Cornell University and a Law Degree from McGill University. He is perhaps the only professional goalie able to back up quick reflexes with the threat of a lawsuit. After retiring from professional sports in 1979, Ken Dryden sought new challenges, and met with similar success. He was called to the Ontario Bar in 1980. Two books - The Game and Home Game - have been best sellers. Home Game, co-authored with Roy MacGregor, was a finalist in the Governor-General's award for non-fiction. He served as Ontario Youth Commissioner, consultant with the Yukon Government's Youth Unemployment Study, Member of the Sectoral Advisory Group on International Trade for the Government of Canada, and member of the Kettering Foundation's Western Hemisphere Dialogue in Supplementary Diplomacy. Mr. Chancellor, would you please recognize this outstanding record of achievement by bestowing the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon KEN DRYDEN.
Mr. Chancellor, the tremendous growth in cultural and economic exchange between Japan and Canada in the last quarter century is due largely to the efforts of dedicated visionaries in both countries. Minoru Kanao is one of those visionaries. Born in Toyama, Japan, he has become one of his country's leading industrialists, culminating in his appointment as Chairman of the Board and President of Nippon Kokan K.K., a company he has served in several capacities since his graduation from Waseda University in 1938. NKK has coordinated the purchase of Canadian coal for the Japanese steel industry for the last decade, providing significant economic benefits for this country, and for British Columbia in particular. But, Mr. Chancellor, it is his key role in the ongoing development of Japanese-Canadian relations that is truly remarkable. He has been chairman of the Japan-Canada Economic Committee of Keidanren since 1985, and co-chairman of the Canada-Japan Business Committee Conference since 1986. He led a high-level economic mission to Canada that, in the words of Canada's Ambassador to Japan, J.H. Taylor, "has served as an important and positive touchstone for industry and government in both countries." Mr. Kanao has served as vice chairman of the Japan Iron and Steel Federation, a director and member of the executive committee of the International Iron and Steel Institute. His keen interest in sports led him to the position of chairman of the Japan Amateur Basketball Association. And in 1988, the Emperor of Japan bestowed upon him the First Class of the Order of the Sacred Treasure - one of Japan's highest awards. Mr. Chancellor, I would now ask that you bestow the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon MINORU KANAO.
Mr. Chancellor, Peter Larkin is one of Canada's most well-known scholars, and we are proud of the long association he has had with this university. It is extremely difficult to find an area of resource management in which his name does not occupy a prominent position. As a researcher, teacher, administrator, and science policy adviser he has no equal. Born in New Zealand, he came to Canada as a youngster and earned both Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees at the University of Saskatchewan. He went to Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, and came back with a doctorate from that university. Specializing in fisheries research he played a major research role in developing Canada's position on the International North Pacific Fisheries Commission, as well as in fisheries research and development at the United Nations. The list of positions he has held at UBC is quite staggering, and includes Director of the Institute of Fisheries, Head of the Zoology Department, Dean of Graduate Studies, and Vice-President, Research. Even more impressive is the role he has played as an advisor on national science policy, serving on such bodies as the Science Council of Canada, the National Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and the National Task Force on Environment and Economy. Peter Larkin has published more than 150 papers on fisheries and related topics, with intriguing titles such as "Play it Again, Sam - an Essay on Salmon Enhancement," and "From Rubber Boots to Recombinant DNA: Sockeye Research in the Past 35 Years." Mr. Chancellor, no one has accused Peter Larkin of lacking a sense of humour. Ivan Head described Peter Larkin as "a scientist belonging to that tiny group of Canadians who, in the post World War Two period, have been consistently and broadly active, highly regarded by their peers, and immensely effective in contributing to the research environment." Would you now please bestow the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon PETER ANTHONY LARKIN.
Mr. Chancellor, our country is at a momentous crossroads. The concept of nationhood is being challenged as never before, and the very future of Canada as one country is being debated vigorously. No one has spoken out more eloquently in the cause of Canada than Mel Hurtig. No one has done more in deed to nurture and promote Canadian culture, Canadian society, and Canadian literature. Born and raised in Edmonton, he took a small book store and built it into one of the largest retail book operations in Canada. He subsequently founded Hurtig Publishing Company to concentrate on publishing books by Canadian authors. His largest and most ambitious project, launched in 1980, was The Canadian Encyclopaedia. He has followed that up with The Junior Encyclopaedia of Canada, the first encyclopaedia aimed at young people. Having just sold his publishing company, Mel Hurtig is now an author himself. His first book, The Betrayal of Canada, quickly became a national best seller and is now in its sixth printing. His dedication to his country comes through in other ventures - such as his founding in 1985 of the Council of Canadians, and his position as founding member and national chairman of the Committee for an Independent Canada. He has won his share of awards: the Lester B. Pearson Man of the Year Peace Award in 1988; Officer of the Order of Canada in 1980; and a number of honorary degrees from Canadian universities. Mr. Chancellor, would you now please bestow upon this dedicated Canadian, MELVIN GORDON HURTIG, our award, the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.
Mr. Chancellor, most Canadians have a rudimentary understanding of how important the nation's resources are to our economic well being. However few can match the depth of understanding exhibited by Anthony Scott - who has spent a lifetime researching and explaining resource economics. With a Bachelor of Commerce Degree from UBC, a Master of Arts Degree from Harvard, and a Doctorate from the London School of Economics, he is considered one of the fathers of the field of resource economics. His intellectual leadership, sustained efforts, and depth of his contributions are recognized throughout North America and have equipped him to offer advice to governments and industry on a range of issues including environmental policy and fishery economics. No less respected is his scholarship, with nearly 150 papers published over a 36 year span, many of them pioneering topics such as the economics of conservation, land use issues, water resources, oil and natural gas, and forestry. His knowledge and understanding of resource issues led to an appointment to the U.S.-Canada International Joint Commission, where he served for four years. He also served as a consultant to the O.E.C.D. and was the MacKenzie King Professor at Harvard University from 1983-1984. He is an Officer of the Order of Canada and in 1987 won the Royal Society of Canada's Innis-Gerin medal for outstanding contributions to the literature of the social sciences. He has an Honorary Degree from the University of Guelph and is a Professor Emeritus of Economics here at U.B.C. Mr. Chancellor, would you honour this remarkable record of achievement by bestowing the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon ANTHONY DALTON SCOTT.
Mr. Chancellor, the struggle for equality for women in all walks of life has been going on for many years. While much has been achieved, much more remains to be done. Margaret Fulton has always been at the forefront of this struggle, recognizing long before most that our educational system was fundamentally flawed, and fighting against the traditional male-dominated society to correct it. In the process, she gained national stature as an educator and advocate for the advancement of women in higher education. After receiving her Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Manitoba in 1955, she earned a Master of Arts here at UBC in 1960, and a Doctorate in 1968 at the University of Toronto. Since then she has served in several senior capacities, including Dean of Women at UBC, head of the English Department at the Collegiate Institute in Thunder Bay, and ultimately President of Mount St. Vincent University in Halifax until her recent retirement. In recognition of her achievements, Margaret Fulton was named an Officer of the Order of Canada and has received numerous honorary degrees from Canadian universities. She has also found the time to serve on several government boards and commissions, including chairperson of the Federal Government Task Force on Micro-electronics and Employment, a member of the National Advisory Committee on Education Statistics, and the Canadian Congress on Learning Opportunities for Women. Mr. Chancellor, we at UBC are proud of our long association with her. Please confer the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon ETHEL MARGARET FUTERS FULTON.
Mr. Chancellor, for four decades, Joe Schlesinger has been helping Canadians understand what goes on in the world. An award-winning journalist, his work has taken him to Paris, Hong Kong, Washington and a host of other exotic and mundane locations. He was once quoted as saying that to be a successful journalist, you must have an iron stomach and be able to sleep anywhere. Born in Austria, he attended UBC before embarking upon his lengthy career with such media as The Vancouver Province, The New York Herald Tribune, The Toronto Star, and ultimately The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. He has served as Executive Producer of National News, Head of CBC-TV news, Far East Correspondent, Washington Correspondent and, his current assignment, Chief Political Correspondent in Ottawa. In the words of CBC Vice-President Trina McQueen, Joe Schlesinger's "intellectual strengths, his breadth of knowledge, his thoughtfulness are the underpinnings of his journalism." Peter Mansbridge describes him as "a journalist's journalist - no one can tell a story like Joe. He can make anything understandable. That's why we begged him to come back to Canada and report on the Constitution." Mr. Chancellor, his work has won several Gemini awards - for his coverage of the Gulf War, for a documentary on the Spanish Civil War and for his coverage of the Iran-Contra affair. I would ask you now to please confer the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon JOSEPH SCHLESINGER.
Mr. Chancellor, occasionally we encounter someone in life whose dedication to his or her calling is an inspiration. To thousands of Canadian nurses, indeed to nurses all over the world, Lyle Creelman is such a person. That she is a graduate of this university makes us doubly proud of her achievements - for no other Canadian nursing professional has surpassed the international reputation she has established. Born in Nova Scotia, Miss Creelman earned a Bachelor of Applied Science degree from UBC, and a Master of Arts degree at Columbia University. Within two years of that, she was Director of Public Health Nursing for the City of Vancouver and soon after was chosen president of the Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia. At that point, Mr. Chancellor, her career really took off and for the next 24 years she set national and international standards for accomplishments in the field of nursing. Among her achievements: Chief Medical Officer for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in the British zone of occupied Germany - where she pioneered specialized nurses training programs; Chief Nursing Officer with the World Health Organization - where she won acceptance for a philosophy of improved third world health care through adequate training of local workers; and co-author of the Baillie-Creelman report - which was accepted for many years as the main reference for the preparation of public health professionals in Canada. Her accomplishments have already won recognition - the Medal of Service of the Order of Canada in 1971, the Canadian Centennial Medal in 1967, and an honorary law degree from the University of New Brunswick in 1963. Mr. Chancellor, please add one more honor to this remarkable record of achievement by bestowing the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon LYLE MORRISON CREELMAN.
Mr. Chancellor, the resurgence in pride and spirit of First Nations peoples in Canada is the product of the untiring efforts of leaders who refused to lose hope in the face of adversity and oppression. They can be justifiably proud of their achievements. Doreen Jensen's contribution to those achievements, through her works as an artist, curator, writer, teacher and cultural leader, is unsurpassed. She is a Gitksan - born into the Fireweed Clan and a member of the Killerwhale Family Crest from the House of GEEL. Her goal has been to promote better awareness and understanding of First Nations identity through arts and culture. We at The University of British Columbia are particularly proud of her achievements in that regard, for she has done much of her work through us. She has been a long term consultant of the Museum of Anthropology. In 1983, she was curator of Robes of Power: Totem Poles on Cloth - a major exhibition and accompanying book of Northwest Art that appeared in four Canadian and six Australian cities. She has organized and supervised exhibitions of carving, narrated video programs for educational use, and organized international exhibitions of First Nations art. Her community involvement includes membership in the Native Writers Association, a Director of the Professional Native Women's Association, and Director of the Vancouver Native Development Village. Mr. Chancellor, Doreen Jensen has also given willingly of her time to serve on countless provincial and federal cultural committees. Most recently, she has edited a special issue of B.C. Studies on the voice of the First Peoples. I would ask you now to bestow upon DOREEN MAY JENSEN the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa.
Mr. Chancellor, Phyllis Lambert has been described by a fellow architect as the most innovative and dynamic entrepreneur in the architectural field in Canada, the U.S., and probably in Europe. It is the kind of accolade reserved for the best, and her record of achievement shows clearly that she is indeed the best. The list of awards and honours bestowed on her is long: An Officer of the Order of Canada; The Heritage Canada Foundation's Gabrielle Leger Medal; the American Institute of Graphic Arts Certificate of Excellence; l'Ordre des Architectes du Quebec; the Gold Medal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada and numerous honorary degrees. That only scratches the surface. The daughter of Samuel and Saidye Bronfman, she received her Bachelor of Arts degree at Vassar College in 1948, and a Master of Science (Architecture) Degree from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 1963. Her architectural career includes such positions as chairman of the board and principal, Ridgway Ltd. Architects and developers in Los Angeles; and President, Societe d'Amelioration Milton Parc, Montreal. But her crowning achievement, Mr. Chancellor, is the Canadian Centre for Architecture, of which she is now the Director. Fifteen years in the planning, it is now a world-class institute dedicated to the scholarly investigation of the world's architectural development. Networked with nine existing architectural museums, including the Smithsonian and Getty Museums, it is a monument to both architectural innovation and dogged determination. It is there because Phyllis Lambert made it happen. Mr. Chancellor, would you please recognize this outstanding career by conferring the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon PHYLLIS BARBARA LAMBERT.
Mr. Chancellor, it has often been said that what we get out of life is directly proportional to what we put into life. By that measure, Peter Bentley is entitled to significant rewards - for few in British Columbia have devoted as much time and energy to the betterment of their community. We at The University of British Columbia are particularly grateful for the wise counsel he has provided and for his generosity both in time and resources. One of British Columbia's leading businessmen, Peter Bentley is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Canfor Corporation and its principal subsidiaries. Founded by the Bentley family in 1938, Canfor has grown to become one of the province's most successful forest products companies - exporting pulp and lumber products to markets all over the world and employing more than 5,000 people. Peter Bentley's business acumen has put his counsel in high demand - he sits on the boards of directors of the Bank of Montreal, Shell Canada Ltd., Seaboard Lumber Sales Ltd., Forest Industrial Relations and the Pulp and Paper Industrial Relations Bureau. His dedication to the business community is matched by his dedication to the community at large, where he has served as a trustee and past chairman of the Vancouver General Hospital Foundation, a director of Junior Achievement of Canada, a governor of the Olympic Trust of Canada, and a Trustee of the B.C. Sports Hall of Fame. In 1983, he was named an Officer of the Order of Canada. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you now to bestow upon PETER JOHN GERALD BENTLEY the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.
Mr. Chancellor, I doubt there is anyone here today who has not benefited from the efforts of Peter Graham Buckland. He builds and maintains bridges - not only cultural and social bridges, but real bridges of steel and concrete. The Lion's Gate Bridge to North Vancouver has a new life because the firm of Buckland and Taylor Ltd., founded by Peter Buckland in 1970, developed some remarkable innovative techniques for refurbishing and strengthening it. The Alex Fraser Bridge, designed by Buckland and Taylor, is the largest cable-stayed bridge in the world. Responsible for many advances in bridge design and analysis, Peter Buckland exemplifies the virtues of excellence and innovation in engineering. Born in London, England, he earned both Bachelor's and Master's degrees in engineering from Cambridge University. Arriving in Canada in 1963, he went to work for Canron Incorporated's Western Bridge Division and then in 1968 to a Swan Wooster-CBA joint venture, before forming his own company in 1970. He and his firm have won numerous awards, including the Gzowski Gold Medal of the Engineering Institute of Canada (1972) for a paper on bridge aerodynamics; the Gzowski Gold Medal (1981) for two papers on the renovation of the Lion's Gate Bridge; the Pratley Award of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (1992) for a paper on the conversion of a suspension bridge to a cable-stayed bridge; and the Association of Professional Engineers of B.C. Meritorious Achievement Award in 1981. Mr. Chancellor, in recognition of his engineering achievements, I would now ask you to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon PETER GRAHAM BUCKLAND.
Mr. Chancellor: There are few literary giants in the world. I present one to you now. As a journalist, scholar, publisher, novelist, translator of great works, film maker, and political commentator, Louis Liang Yong Cha is unsurpassed. Born in Hangzhou, Chekian, China, he graduated in 1948 from the Law School of Souzhou and was about to embark upon a career as a diplomat. But his work as a journalist - at first to support himself while in school - kindled a different spark and was the beginning of an outpouring of superb literary and scholarly works. He has written fifteen novels and is the most widely read novelist in Chinese communities throughout the world. His novels have been translated into many other languages, and used as the foundation for movies, plays, operas, and musical poems. He has published six academic works, including historical studies such as the Life and Times of Genghis Khan. He is the founder and publisher of the Ming Pao Daily News in Hong Kong; the Shin Min Daily News in Singapore; and the Shin Min Daily News in Malaysia. Since 1959 he has served as chairman of the Ming Pao Enterprises Corporation in Hong Kong. Clearly a busy man, Louie Liang Yong Cha nevertheless has found time to serve the community of Hong Kong well - as a member of the Law Reform Committee; as convenor of the Citizen's Advisory Committee of the Independent Commission Against Corruption. In 1981 he was made an Officer of the British Empire. Mr. Chancellor, always a champion of freedom of thought and expression, Louis Liang Yong Cha advised the People's Republic of China in 1953 to adopt a policy of "letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend." It was not to be in China, but indeed applies to the man himself. Mr. Chancellor, please confer the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon LOUIS LIANG YONG CHA.
Mr. Chancellor, it is with great pride that I present to you now an alumnus of The University of British Columbia whose goals have always been the highest imaginable. Anne Underhill is an internationally renowned astronomer. Her career as a distinguished research scientist spans forty years and includes the publication of more than two hundred books and research articles. She has played a key role in our understanding of what are called hot, blue stars in our galaxy. Among the newest objects discovered in the universe, these stars not only fascinate astronomers but their analysis and interpretation require an understanding of a wide range of theoretical physics. Anne Underhill has pioneered many of the very sophisticated techniques now used in the analysis of these stars. A native of Vancouver, she received a B.A. (Honours) degree in Chemistry and Physics and an M.A. in Physics and Mathematics from UBC, before going on to the University of Chicago where she earned a Ph.D. in Astrophysics. Her career includes such positions as physicist, National Research Council of Canada; Professor of Astrophysics, State University of Utrecht, The Netherlands; and 15 years with the Goddard Space Flight Centre - first as Chief of the Laboratory for Optical Astronomy and finally as Senior Scientist. Her awards include an honorary degree, a National Research Council Fellowship, and she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Mr. Chancellor, Anne Underhill has come back to us now at UBC as an Honorary Professor in the Department of Geophysics and Astronomy. Would you please confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon ANNE BARBARA UNDERHILL.
Mr. Chancellor, I doubt that anyone would question that universities achieve their standing in the world as a result of superior faculty and superior graduates. Mary Ashworth is both a graduate of this university and a professor emerita - and while today we will honour her, in truth she honours us with her presence. No other Canadian educator has had as profound an influence in the field of English as a second language - locally, nationally, and internationally. She is known among her peers as "Miss ESL" a term of endearment that reflects perhaps more than any other their deep respect and admiration for her accomplishments. Throughout the forty years of her career she has been an educational activist - an eloquent and tireless advocate of quality education. She has published five books and written more than 40 articles relating to ESL, teacher training and multicultural education. She has provided advice and counsel to government, educational and community groups throughout Canada, including a variety of First Nations groups grappling with the need to understand English while preserving their own language. The list of awards and distinctions bestowed upon her is a long one indeed, and includes honourary lifetime memberships in both the B.C. Teachers of English as an Additional Language (TEAL) and the Alberta Teachers of English as a Second Language (ATESL); a TEAL conference in 1988 in her honour and a scholarship established in her name. In the words of Catherine Eddy, president of TEAL, "Mary's tireless contributions to raising issues of awareness and concern about ESL issues, and her insight in identifying global areas for cohesive action have earned her a place in the annals of history." Born in Sussex, England, she received both her Bachelor of Arts and Master of Education degrees from UBC, and served here for 20 years as assistant professor, associate professor, professor and ultimately professor emerita. Mr. Chancellor, please bestow the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon NESTA MARY ASHWORTH.
Mr. Chancellor, we have seen a rebirth of pride and spirit in the ranks of First Nations peoples in Canada. That rebirth is the product of the untiring efforts of elders who persevered in maintaining their culture in the face of adversity and oppression. They can be justifiably proud of their achievements. Minnie Croft is one of those elders. Born in Skidegate in Haida G'Waii - the Queen Charlotte Islands - she is a member of the Royal Family of the Skedans-Haida Nation. For 50 years she has worked tirelessly to bridge the cultural and linguistic gaps between First Nations peoples and the European settlers who, in the history of habitation on this continent, have only just arrived. An official interpreter for the Haida Nation at cultural and legal events, she is widely recognized as an effective advocate for the promotion of educational opportunities and improvements in the quality of life for first Nations people. We at the University of British Columbia are particularly grateful for her efforts in the creation of the UBC First Nations programs, and in the establishment of the First Nations House of Learning. Mr. Chancellor, the complete list of Minnie Croft's volunteer activities is far too long to include here, but it includes President and Secretary of the Coqualeetza Historical Society, President and Secretary of the Coqualeetza Fellowship Club - founders of what is now the Vancouver Aboriginal Centre, Secretary to the Native Indian Service Council and membership in the Council of the Haida Nation, the Elizabeth Fry Society, the Professional Native Women's Society, the Provincial Advisory Committee on Post-Secondary Education for Native Learners, the Vancouver Council of Women, and President of Vancouver Local 108 of the United Native Nations. She was given the Gold Feather Award in 1987 for outstanding work in First Nations communities. In her spare time, she owned and managed a coffee shop in the Queen Charlotte Islands and arts and crafts shops in Vancouver. Mr. Chancellor, would you please now confer upon MINNIE ELIZABETH CROFT, the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.
Mr. Chancellor, in recent years we have all gained a better understanding of the true value of the world's forests, and the need to ensure that the manufacture of pulp and paper products is done in an ecologically sound manner. No one has made a greater contribution in that field than a scientist who has been described by his peers as a visionary. Peter Wrist currently serves as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada. He rose to that position on the strength of three remarkable attributes - his skill and ingenuity as a scientist, which led to several innovations in paper manufacturing processes; his many contributions to the public's understanding of complex environmental issues as they relate to the pulp and paper industry; and his untiring efforts to promote, with great success, the need for ever more scientific research and education, again with great emphasis on environmental improvements. Paprican has played a major role in UBC's academic development in Applied Science. It is a major supporter of UBC's Pulp and Paper Centre and the Paprican/NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Process Control. In short, Mr. Chancellor, Peter Wrist is as knowledgeable and articulate a spokesman for his industry as can be found, and his counsel and advice are sought frequently by both industry and government around the world. Born in Mirfield, England, he received both Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts degrees at Cambridge University, as well as a Master of Science degree from London University. His professional career includes positions such as research physicist with the British Paper and Board Industry Research Association; research physicist with the Quebec North Shore Paper Company in Baie-Comeau, Quebec; and vice-president of Research and Engineering with the Mead Corporation in Dayton, Ohio. In recognition of his stature, he was chosen to head the committee responsible for selecting recipients of the prestigious Marcus Wallenberg Foundation Prize. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you now to bestow the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon PETER ELLIS WRIST.
Mr. Chancellor, the mining industry is one of the leading contributors to the economic stability and prosperity of British Columbia. Its growth in this province and its continued presence here are due in no small way to the efforts of Norman Keevil Jr. He currently serves as Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Teck Corporation and Chairman of Cominco Ltd. - two companies well known both nationally and internationally for their accomplishments in the mining industry. Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, he received a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Toronto in 1959, and then went on to earn both Master of Science (1961) and Doctor of Science (1964) degrees from the University of California (Berkeley). Mr. Chancellor, Norman Keevil Jr. played a leadership role in the development of the Afton Copper Mine, Bullmoose Mines, Quintette Coal Mines and Highland Valley Copper Mines. He has done so during one of the most difficult economic times the industry has faced, in many cases preserving operations - and jobs - that otherwise might not have survived. Because of those difficult economic times, he has dedicated himself to the task of raising public awareness to the importance of the mining industry both to British Columbia and to Canada, and pointing out the severe economic consequences if the current decline continues. This dedication to a cause has been rewarded with such honours as Northern Miner's Mining Man of the Year in 1979, Vancouver Jaycees' Businessman of the Year in 1987, The Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada's Distinguished Service Award in 1990, and the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy's Selwyn G. Blaylick Medal in 1990. Mr. Chancellor, would you please confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon NORMAN BELL KEEVIL Jr.
Mr. Chancellor, The University of British Columbia's Faculty of Medicine has developed a national and international reputation for excellence of which we are all very proud. It is impossible to overstate the key role played by Bill Gibson in that development. His dedication over a 20 year period includes serving as head of the Department of History of Medicine, professor of neurological research, research professor of psychiatry, and for five years Assistant to the President on University Development. Bill Gibson's vision and leadership brought about the establishment of the Kinsmen Laboratory of Neurological Research and the Woodward Library. Due to his untiring efforts, the Woodward Library and the Sherrington Collection of fine books remain one of the finest collections of medical knowledge and history in the world. The University recognizes Bill Gibson's contributions in this area by naming the History of Medicine and Science Collection after him. In addition, he cultivated and fostered the interest of Cecil and Ida Green in this University. He was instrumental in encouraging their gift of Cecil Green Park to UBC in the 1970's, and subsequent gifts by the Greens in more recent years. Cecil Green fondly refers to Bill Gibson as his most expensive friend. But, Mr. Chancellor, Bill Gibson's influence and prestige extend far beyond this university. He is the author of 130 scientific and historical academic papers and no fewer than nine books. He has served as Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the U.S. Muscular Dystrophy Association, as a member of the International Brain Research Organization, and a member of the World Health Organization's Panel on Neurological Sciences in Geneva. Born in Ottawa, he earned his Bachelor of Arts degree at UBC, a Master of Science and Medical Doctor degree from McGill University, and a Ph.D. at Oxford University. He is an Honorary Fellow of Green College, Oxford, and of the Royal Society of Medicine in London. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you now to confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon this outstanding academic and humanitarian, WILLIAM CARLETON GIBSON.
Mr. Chancellor, I ask you now to honour a man whose contribution to the field of international law is outstanding, as is his contribution to this university. A native of Barbados, Charles Bourne received his Bachelor of Arts Degree from the University of Toronto in 1945 and his Law Degree from St. John's College, Cambridge University, in 1947. His interest in and understanding of the intricacies of international law launched him on an academic and professional career that spans nearly 50 years. He has written widely in the field of international law, and has served as President of the Canadian Branch of the International Law Association and President of the Canadian Council on International Law. He began his career as a teacher at UBC in 1950 and was ultimately named Professor Emeritus in 1986. We are particularly grateful, Mr. Chancellor, for the ten years he served as special adviser to the President of UBC. His wise counsel and broad knowledge of international law made Charles Bourne much sought after as a consultant, and he served ably as an adviser to the federal Department of External Affairs; as an adviser to the International Joint Commission in Ottawa; and as a Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1979 and was awarded the Canadian Council on International Law's John E. Read Medal in 1986. Mr. Chancellor, it always gives me a great deal of pride to be able to recognize the accomplishments of one of our own. Would you please now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon CHARLES BERESFORD BOURNE.
Mr. Chancellor, in the years since the end of the Second World War, no country has done more for the cause of global peace than Canada. Likewise, in the last five years no Canadian has made a greater contribution to that effort than Yves Fortier. He was Canada's Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York between 1988 and 1992 - a period which ushered in the beginning of profound changes in the geo-political world and during which Canada played a key role as a member of the U.N. Security Council. He served as Vice President of the U.N.'s 45th General Assembly in 1990, and as President of the U.N. Security Council in 1989. In the words of The Honourable Nathan Nemetz, Yves Fortier made "an outstanding contribution to world peace as President of the Security Council." Born in Quebec City, he received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Montreal and his Bachelor of Civil Law Degree from McGill University. In 1960 he attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar and was awarded a Bachelor of Letters Degree. His service to Canada has taken many forms. In 1984 he represented Canada before the International Court of Justice in The Hague in the Canada-U.S. Gulf of Maine case. He was Canada's chief negotiator in the 1987-89 Canada-France fishing dispute. And since January this year, he has served as chief negotiator for the Canada-U.S. Pacific Salmon Treaty negotiations. In 1984 he was named an Officer of the Order of Canada, and in 1991 elevated to Companion of the Order of Canada. Mr. Chancellor, Yves Fortier is actively involved in a host of national and international organizations far too lengthy to list here. But they include: Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague; Member of the International Trade Advisory Council; Honorary Member of the American Bar Association; and Director of the Canadian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies. I would ask you now, Mr. Chancellor, to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon L. YVES FORTIER.
Mr. Vice Chancellor, Leslie Peterson has in the last few years conferred literally tens of thousands of degrees on students and honorary degree recipients. It is fitting that, in his last year as Chancellor of this university, he should himself be recognized. This quiet-spoken man has spent a lifetime serving society, his country, and most recently this university with grace and dignity. After graduating from UBC with a Law Degree in 1949, he practised law in British Columbia and ultimately decided to run for public office. He was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in 1956, and in the course of a 16 year career in government served as Minister of Education, Minister of Labour, and Attorney General. Since retiring from formal political life in 1972, he has amassed a record of community service that is unsurpassed by any measure. Mr. Vice-Chancellor, Leslie Peterson is a Past Honorary President of the B.C. Library Association, the Canadian Child Health Association, the John Howard Society of British Columbia, the B.C. Historical Association, and the Grandview Branch of the Royal Canadian Legion. In 1988, he was Potentate of the Gizeh Temple Shrine. His community service has already been recognized by our sister university - Simon Fraser University - with an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree. He has devoted countless hours to this university, serving not only as Chancellor, but as Chair of the Board of Governors, Chair of the Wesbrook Society, and as a member of advisory committees far too numerous to list here. We at UBC are extremely grateful for his dedication and his wisdom. I would ask you now, Mr. Vice-Chancellor, to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon LESLIE RAYMOND PETERSON.
Mr. Chancellor, the movement among Canada's First Nations to assume their place in Canadian society has gained momentum in the past few years. First Nations men and women are turning with pride and dignity to their own history and their own culture to develop ways to live in harmony and prosperity in the modern world. Georges Henry Erasmus has played a key role in this movement. He was among the leaders of the present generation of First Nations who began to organize and lobby for the recognition of their rights as Canadians and as aboriginal people. He began his career with the Yellowknife Band Council and quickly made a name as a quiet, articulate spokesperson for native concerns. He was a guiding light with the Indian Brotherhood in the Northwest Territories during the 1970s, and became Director of the Brotherhood's Community Development Program, then President of the Dene Nation. He has been involved extensively at the national level working with, among others, the Association for Indian and Eskimo Education and the MacKenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry. He was Canadian delegate to the World Council of Indigenous Peoples, and has represented Canada at many international councils and conferences. He became the first Grand Chief of the Assembly of First Nations and, during his tenure, set the course for developments that led up to the inclusion of First Nations concerns in the Charlottetown Accord. He was appointed to the Order of Canada in 1987 and received an honorary Doctorate of Laws from Queens University. He is currently co-chair of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, which is charged with defining a broad working relationship between the Crown and Canada's First Nations. Mr. Chancellor, Georges Henry Erasmus has given a high level of service to Canada and has provided great dignity to the positions he has held. He plays an important part in the evolution of self government for First Nations, and continues to be an articulate voice for First Nations interest. Mr. Chancellor, would you please now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon GEORGES HENRY ERASMUS.
Mr. Chancellor, the 21st Century has been named the Pacific Century and Canada, British Columbia and UBC will be major contributors to the social, economic and educational development of countries around the Pacific Rim. Pyong-Hwoi Koo has played an important role in the emergence of a strong Asian economy, and has been a determined promoter of international understanding through economic cooperation and cultural exchange between Korea and Canada. Pyong-Hwoi Koo joined the Lucky-Goldstar Group in 1951 and served in many positions of distinction including Director of Goldstar Co. Ltd. and President of Korea Petroleum Association. He was appointed Chairman of Lucky-Goldstar Group in 1989. In his 42 years of service to the group, he has made it one of the most powerful industrial organizations in Korea. Mr. Chancellor, Pyong-Hwoi Koo has served his country well and has shown a life-long dedication and commitment to the development of Korea. He received the "Order of Industrial Service Merit, Gold Tower" in 1982, Korea's highest civilian honour for service to national development, and the "Order of Civil Merit, Mugunghwa Medal" in 1993. He is International President and Korea Committee Chairman of the Pacific Basin Economic Council; Chairman of the Korea-U.S. Economic Council; Chairman of the Korea-U.S. Business Council; Vice Chairman of the Korea Foreign Trade Association; and former Chairman of the Korea-Canada Business Council. In addition, he is a council member of the Brookings Institute; Director of Pacific Forum CSIS; Trustee of The Asia Society; Director of Sejong Institute; Member of the Board, Korea Foundation and Honorary Consul General of the Republic of Peru. As a business leader, Pyong-Hwoi Koo is convinced that universities and the business community can work together to benefit all societies. As a result, he is a great friend of UBC. When he was head of the Korea-Canada Business Council, he worked closely with his Canadian counterpart, Bruce Howe, to establish UBC's first Chair in Korean Studies. He continues to provide this university with quiet and insightful advice as we develop our new Centre for Korean Research. He has promoted our international reputation throughout Korea and has helped forge important relationships between the university and institutions all over Asia. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon PYONG-HWOI KOO.
Mr. Chancellor, we are honoured to have in our presence today a woman who, for 40 years, has brought joy and beauty to millions of people around the world. Maureen Forrester's magnificent contralto voice has brought alive a vast repertoire of work from German Lieder and French Canadian folk songs to the major works of Beethoven, Verdi, Mahler and Handel. She has sung in every major concert hall in the world, and performed with the great conductors of the modern era from Otto Klemperer and Bruno Walter to the most recent generation of Maestros. Maureen Forrester began her professional career in 1953 in Montreal with the Montreal Elgar Choir, and was soon drawing rave reviews in New York, Toronto, and Paris. Since then, she has appeared throughout Europe, North America, Australia, Russia, China and Japan. Her major operatic roles include Mistress Ford in Falstaff, Erda in Das Rheingold and Brangane in Tristan und Isolde among others. She has also created many roles for the opera including Klytemnestra in Elektra, the Witch in Hansel and Gretel and Madame de la Hattiere in Cendrillon. Yet, in spite of the rigours of a successful professional career, Maureen Forrester has remained a staunch and active supporter of Canadian culture. She has been National President of Jeunesses Musicale, a member of the board of the National Arts Centre and chair of the Canada Council. She has also maintained a strong commitment to Canadian composers, and continues to sing the works of Jean Coulthard, Keith Bissell, Murray Schafer and others. Mr. Chancellor, Maureen Forrester has won far too many national and international awards to mention here. She has been made a Companion of the Order of Canada, was awarded the prestigious Molson Prize in 1971, and has been granted honorary degrees from universities across Canada. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you bestow yet another honour on this distinguished Canadian singer by conferring the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon MAUREEN KATHERINE STEWART FORRESTER.
Mr. Chancellor, the growth and prosperity of our province and the advancement of our university are due in no small part to the dedication and hard work of men and women in our community. Such an individual is David McLean. Not only has he been a leader in Vancouver's business community for more than 25 years as a lawyer and businessman, but he has maintained a strong commitment to public service in business, education and the arts. David McLean moved to British Columbia from Alberta in 1968 to practice law. He specialized in real estate law and lectured at the UBC School of Law in this field. Later, as his interest in business developed, he became a director of many corporations including the CNR, DeHavilland Aircraft and Westech Information Systems. As CEO of his own development company, The McLean Group, he developed "The Landing", an impressive renovation project in Vancouver's Gastown, for which he was awarded the Downtown Vancouver Association's Achievement Award. Mr. Chancellor, David McLean has determined throughout his life to give something back to his community. He has chaired various organizations including the Vancouver Board of Trade, the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, and the Centre for Canadian American Studies at Simon Fraser University. His service to those organizations has been critical in advancing this country's position in international trade and economic development. He has an interest in all levels of education and has shown that interest by volunteering his time and skills. He served as a trustee to the St. George's Foundation, and chaired that school's capital campaign. He served as Chair of the UBC Board of Governors in the early 1980's, and guided the university through a particularly difficult period of financial restraint. He supports many arts institutions in our city, including the ballet, the symphony orchestra, the opera and the Vancouver Art Gallery. He has also been a long-time patron of our own University Singers. Mr. Chancellor, would you now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa upon DAVID GEORGE ALEXANDER McLEAN.
Mr. Chancellor, we are privileged to have in our presence today a woman who has shown how courage and determination can overcome prejudice, intimidation and physical threat. Diana Kilmury decided to make her way in a field traditionally closed to women, and the magnitude of her success is an example to all of us. Diana Kilmury was born in Montreal and educated in British Columbia. After earning her qualifications at Malaspina College and at the Teamster's Joint Training School in Haney, B.C., Diana Kilmury became a heavy equipment operator and worked on construction sites around British Columbia. There were few women working in construction at that time, and she was required on many occasions to prove that she was as good as or better than the men she worked with. She joined the Teamsters and in the course of dealing with the union, became aware that members' needs were not being met by union leadership. As a result, she became an early member of Teamsters for a Democratic Union, a reform caucus made up of like minded individuals. She ultimately became co-chair of the TDU. She worked hard for 15 years during which she was subject to many personal threats and intimidation, but she succeeded in electing a reform slate to the international union executive, setting the Teamsters on a new path. Diana Kilmury was elected Vice President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. Her election marked the first and only time a woman has ever been elected to a vice presidency in that union. She has been featured in articles in national and international magazines and journals, and in 1992 she was named to the Maclean's Magazine Honour Roll of Outstanding Canadians. Mr. Chancellor, Diana Kilmury exemplifies the principles for which Canada stands. She has insisted on honesty and integrity in her workplace and in her union, and has had the courage to carry on in the face of overwhelming resistance and personal danger. By standing up for her beliefs, Diana Kilmury has achieved a high level of success and has earned the respect and admiration of friends and foes alike. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Laws honoris causa upon DIANA KILMURY.
Mr. Chancellor, the movement among First Nations to assert their identity in Canadian society has gained momentum in the past few years. First Nations men and women are turning with pride and dignity to their own history and culture to develop ways of living in harmony and prosperity in the modern world. Verna Kirkness has played an important role in this process. She was born and educated in Manitoba and served as Director of Education for the Manitoba Indian Brotherhood in Winnipeg. She came to UBC in 1981 as Supervisor of the Native Indian Teacher Education program, which attained tremendous strength and academic credibility under her leadership. She was appointed the first director of the First Nations House of Learning in 1985. Under her directorship, she worked to extend support services and cultural enrichment to native students in all UBC programs, and oversaw the conception and building of the First Nations Longhouse. Mr. Chancellor, during her career Verna Kirkness has become an outstanding and respected professional educator, earning a reputation as a spokesperson for aboriginal education. As a teacher, principal, counsellor, teacher supervisor and curriculum designer, she has committed herself to make education available and relevant to the philosophy and needs of First Nations people. Not only has she developed a vision for Native education, she has acquired the resources and created the institutions for the realization of that vision. The education of First Nations students has been substantially advanced by her contributions provincially, nationally and internationally. Verna Kirkness has been recognized with numerous honours including the 1990 Outstanding Educator of British Columbia award; the Golden Eagle Feather Award from the Professional Native Women's Association; and the Canadian Youth Education Excellence Prize as Canada's Educator of the year. She has also received honorary degrees from Mount Saint Vincent and the University of Western Ontario. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you bestow this honour on this distinguished educator by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws honoris causa upon VERNA JANE KIRKNESS.
Mr. Chancellor, the forest industry has been one of the most important elements in the development of British Columbia during the twentieth century. The challenges of ensuring sustainable forests and evolving value-added initiatives have been a concern to forestry leaders for decades. Otto Forgacs has played a key role in meeting those challenges. As a research scientist, and as a research policy advisor to governments, industry and educational institutions, he has provided consistent leadership in developing a knowledge-based forest industry in B.C. As Vice President of Research and Development at MacMillan Bloedel he has led the most innovative research and development group in the Canadian forest products industry, and was responsible for such important product innovations as Parallam, a revolutionary structural wood product with better performance characteristics than the large wooden beams it replaces. Mr. Chancellor, Otto Forgacs has also maintained a close relationship with UBC, fostering research in the Faculty of Forestry and the Faculty of Applied Science. Many projects currently underway at UBC are the result of problems identified by Otto Forgacs and his team, and many of the men and women now working in the industry developed their talents through this research. Otto Forgacs' influence extends across Canada. He has served on the boards of such research organizations as FERIC, Forintek and Paprican, was a member of the selection committee for the prestigious Marcus Wallenburg Prize, and served on the Science Council of British Columbia, the Canadian Forestry Advisory Council and the Advisory Council of the B.C. Innovation Office. He is currently a director of the National Research Council Machinery Institute. Throughout his career he has championed research, development and higher education as the means to create an internationally competitive and environmentally sensitive forest sector in Canada. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you now confer the degree Doctor of Science honoris causa upon OTTO LIONEL FORGACS.
Mr. Chancellor, we are privileged to have with us today one of the world's preeminent scientists. Michael Smith has become a major figure in late 20th Century science. Researchers will refer to the work of Michael Smith for generations to come. Educated in England, he completed his post-doctoral work with the BC Research Council, then joined the University of Wisconsin as a research associate. He was attracted back to UBC in 1966 by the research being conducted by Gorbind Khorana, who himself went on to win a Nobel Prize. Michael Smith became a full professor in 1970, and Director of the Biotechnology Laboratory in 1987. In 1990 he was appointed Scientific Leader, Protein Engineering Networks of Centres of Excellence. He has had an impressive career as a research scientist. His work with the sequencing of genes has opened up the new field of protein engineering, which studies the structure and function of proteins at the molecular level. The new technique he developed, called site-directed mutagenesis, has given us a much clearer understanding of how biological systems function, and is changing the way scientists approach the problems of genetic engineering. His work will result in breakthroughs in many fields including medicine, agriculture and pharmacology among others. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1993. Mr. Chancellor, Michael Smith's record of scholarly activities and publications takes up twenty-five pages of close type, and his list of other awards is just as impressive. Those awards include a Gold Medal of the Science Council of BC, the Gairdner Foundation International Award, the Killam Research Prize, the Award of Excellence of the Genetics Society of Canada and the Flavelle Medale of the Royal Society of Canada. As well as being a great scientist, Michael Smith is a great humanitarian. He has established a fund to support science awareness and to promote equal opportunities for women in scientific careers. He has also set up the Michael Smith Endowment Fund for Schizophrenia. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Science honoris causa upon this most distinguished scientist, MICHAEL SMITH.
Mr. Chancellor, our university was built by men and women of broad vision, enormous talent and unlimited energy. Lew Robinson is one of those builders. He came to us in 1946 at the invitation of President Norman MacKenzie to establish a Geography Division within the Department of Geology. He became Chair of that division and, with hard work and dedication, established a separate Department of Geography in 1959. As its first head, Lew Robinson built the department into one of the most respected in North America. Throughout his career as an administrator, Lew Robinson remained an active academic, performing leading-edge work in the geography of British Columbia and Northern Canada. He has an extensive publication history, publishing not only in the most influential academic journals, but also in magazines and encyclopedias. His detailed knowledge of his subject has made him an eagerly sought-after consultant by atlas and map publishers to this day. But overshadowing even these remarkable achievements is Lew Robinson's superb abilities as a teacher. He has been able to communicate his enthusiasm for geography to graduate and undergraduate students alike, and to groups within the general public through his lectures and writings. He was awarded the UBC Master Teacher Award in 1977, and during his forty years of teaching, became known as "Mr. Geography" to generations of UBC students. Mr. Chancellor, since his retirement in 1984, Lew Robinson has remained an active force at UBC. He played a key role in organizing services for alumni of the Geography Department, and he helped organize the Alumni Association's Professors Emeriti Division, the first organization of its kind in Canada. He has also been a constant and energetic supporter of sports programs at UBC. Lew Robinson has been recognized by many organizations. His honours include the Centennial Medal and the Silver Jubilee Medal from the government of Canada, the Massey Medal of the Royal Canadian Geographical Service and the Distinguished Teaching Award for Canada of the National Council for Geographic Education. He was also awarded an honorary degree from his alma mater, the University of Western Ontario. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to these honours by conferring the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa upon JOHN LEWIS ROBINSON.
Mr. Chancellor, the growth and prosperity of our province are tied to the countries of the Pacific Rim. Positive relationships between British Columbia and Asian nations are deepening through the work of individuals on both sides of the Pacific Ocean. Such an individual is William G. Saywell, a native British Columbian who has distinguished himself in academic, diplomatic, business and cultural service to his community and to his country. His role in assisting BC and Canadian business on cooperative efforts in Asia has helped to open opportunities for business to compete and expand in the Asia Pacific region. William Saywell earned a Ph.D. in Chinese History at the University of Toronto and was a distinguished academic and senior administrator there. In 1983 he was appointed President of Simon Fraser University, a position he held for ten years. He directed the university's expansion to the downtown campus, and established both a cooperative degree granting program with BC's community colleges, and an international cooperative education program with a university in Indonesia. Throughout his career, William Saywell has worked to promote understanding between Canada and the Asia Pacific region. In 1972, he served a term as First Secretary for Cultural and Scientific Affairs in the Canadian Embassy in Beijing. During his term as a diplomat, he successfully negotiated academic and cultural exchange programs that became models for other countries to adopt. Mr. Chancellor, William Saywell continues his cross-cultural work as the President and CEO of the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada. He is responsible for developing Canadian expertise in Asia Pacific-related business, cultural and educational affairs. Dr. Saywell also serves on a number of public and private boards, including Westcoast Energy, SPAR Aerospace Limited, and the Canada ASEAN Centre. He is currently the Chair of the Canadian National Committee of Pacific Economic Cooperation. He has also won a number of scholarships and awards, including the Woodrow Wilson Fellowship and the Foreign Area Fellowship of the Ford Foundation. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Laws honoris causa upon WILLIAM GEORGE SAYWELL.
Mr. Chancellor, the greatest challenge facing us today is to create an atmosphere in which global peace and understanding can flourish. Dr. Soshitsu Sen has dedicated his life to establishing that atmosphere around the world. Dr. Sen is the 15th Generation head of the Urasenke Tradition of Tea. As Grandmaster, he has promoted Chado, the Way of the Tea, as the key element of pursuing peace and harmony. Chado is a ceremony based on the simple act of boiling water, making tea, offering it to others and drinking of it ourselves. Served with a respectful heart and received with gratitude, a bowl of tea satisfies both physical and spiritual thirst. Dr. Sen uses Chado to promote peace of mind at the individual level and as a means by which world peace may arise. UBC has been a direct beneficiary of his efforts. Recently, the Tea House at the Nitobe Gardens was renovated through the generosity of Dr. Sen. His father, the previous head of the Urasenke Tradition, built the Tea House in 1960. As well, Dr. Sen established the Tea Gallery, Wakoan, at the Asian Centre. Mr. Chancellor, Dr. Sen has acquired an international reputation for his participation in the cultural exchange between Japan and the rest of the world. His energy and commitment has resulted in the establishment of the Midori-kai program, which opens up the study of Chado to non-Japanese, thereby spreading its influence to men and women of all races and religions. Dr. Sen has received honours in abundance from universities, cities, and countries on every continent. His life-long dedication to the promotion of peace, service to humanity and international understanding has made an unmistakable impact on the world's affairs, and promises a legacy for decades to come. And all, Mr. Chancellor, from the simple act of sharing tea. As Dr. Sen is so fond of reminding us, "Peace can come through a bowl of tea." Mr. Chancellor, please join with men and women around the world by bestowing yet another honour on this man of peace. Please confer the degree Doctor of Letters honoris causa on DR. SOSHITSU SEN.
Mr. Chancellor, we are privileged to have in our presence today one of Canada's foremost writers. A meticulous and dedicated artist, George Bowering enjoys a national and international reputation for his poetry and fiction. Born in Okanagan Falls, George Bowering attended what is now the University of Victoria before becoming an aerial photographer in the Royal Canadian Air Force. He earned degrees at UBC and the University of Western Ontario and currently teaches at Simon Fraser University while maintaining a successful writing career. George Bowering is the author of over 50 works of poetry, fiction, criticism and history. He often celebrates BC and Vancouver in his writings, which are well-known in China, Australia and the United States. Published titles of his work include George Vancouver: A Discovery Poem, Geneve, Craft Shoes and Taking the Field. His writing style has been described as the "Magic Realism of British Columbia," as shown in his novel, Burning Water. In this novel, George Bowering transforms the story of George Vancouver into a vision of his own symbiotic relationship with BC. He has also combined his love of writing and baseball in several works, such as Poems and Other Baseballs. National recognition of George Bowering's work has resulted in numerous awards including the Governor General's Award for both poetry and fiction, two Canadian Council Senior Awards, and the UBC 75th Anniversary Award. Mr. Chancellor, would you now confer the degree Doctor of Letters honoris causa upon GEORGE HARRY BOWERING.
Mr. Chancellor, the power of the written word can break long-standing barriers in attitudes and opinions. We are honoured to have with us today a woman whose writing reveals a keen social consciousness and a clear vision about individual growth and intellectual freedom. Jane Rule is an internationally respected Canadian novelist, essayist, literary critic and short story writer. Born in Plainfield, New Jersey, Jane Rule travelled to California and England for her post-secondary education before settling in Vancouver in 1956. She taught English and Creative Writing at UBC for almost 15 years. Her first novel, The Desert of the Heart, was published in 1965 to universal acclaim and was subsequently made into a successful film. To date, Jane Rule has written twelve books, including Against the Season, The Young in One Another's Arms, Contract with the World and After the Fire. These books feature characters whose "contract with the world" requires them to think and act individually while maintaining a strong commitment and connection to their community. Rule's characters call for the acceptance of difference and the need for love. Because her books often focus on the lives of women in contemporary North America, her writings have become significant texts in Women's Studies courses across the continent. Her powerful writing has brought Jane Rule the Canadian Authors' Association Award for Best Novel, the Benson and Hedges Award for Best Short Stories, and the Fund for Human Dignity Award of Merit. She has served as a member of various boards and juries in the arts community, and for several years has been a valued board member of the prestigious Koerner Foundation. Jane Rule is an ardent spokesperson on behalf of personal and intellectual freedom, and represents these ethics in her public work and in her writing. Mr. Chancellor, would you now confer the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon JANE VANCE RULE.
Mr. Chancellor, we are honoured to have in our presence today a man whose career achievements and community service have forged new directions in health care and cultural understanding. Dr. Wallace B. Chung is a gifted surgeon who pioneered Vascular Surgery in western Canada, and his work in public organizations has aided the preservation and promotion of Chinese culture in Canada. Wallace Chung, a native British Columbian, earned his medical degree from McGill University in 1953. After his postgraduate surgical training he became a member of the active staff at the Vancouver General Hospital and a member of faculty at UBC. He established Vascular Surgery as a new specialty and as a separate division of surgery at VGH and UBC, and introduced new techniques and procedures in surgery for strokes. His efforts made a major contribution to the establishment of Vascular Surgery as a specialty recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. In 1981 Wallace Chung began a nine-year tenure as the Head of the Department of Surgery at University Hospital, where he built the department into an internationally recognized academic unit. Throughout his career, Wallace Chung has found time to contribute greatly to his community and his country. As a member of the Canadian Multiculturalism Council, he contributed significantly in the drafting of the Multiculturalism Act. Wallace Chung is one of the founding executives of the Chinese community and for awakening the city's consciousness about the historic role of Chinese Canadians in our society. Wallace Chung serves on the President's Library Advisory Council at UBC, the International Dragon Boat Festival Society and the Board of Directors of BC Heritage Trust. His professional and community contributions have been recognized with the Canada 125 Medal, the UBC Honorary Alumnus Award and the designation of Honorary Life Member of the Canadian Association of General Surgeons. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Science honoris causa upon WALLACE BAKFU CHUNG.
Mr. Chancellor, our health care system depends on the dedication and commitment of the men and women in the nursing profession, and on the high level of education they receive in our nation's schools. Today's nurses have all benefitted from the reforms in nursing education inspired by Dr. Helen K. Mussallem. Her efforts towards improving the status of nurses worldwide have made her an internationally respected authority on nursing education and health care delivery. Born in Prince Rupert, Helen Mussallem was the first Canadian nurse to earn a doctoral degree. After beginning her career as a staff nurse at the Vancouver General Hospital, she served overseas during World War II as a lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps. Following active service, she became Director of Nursing Education at the VGH School of Nursing, which operated in affiliation with UBC. In 1957 she was selected by the Canadian Nurses Association to evaluate Canada's nursing schools. Her findings led to vast reforms in the realm of nursing and nursing education. From 1963 to 1981 Helen Mussallem was Executive Director of the Canadian Nurses Association, where she succeeded in bringing nursing into mainstream education and established the first nursing library in the country. She has an international reputation through her continuing work with the World Health Organization, the International Red Cross, the Commonwealth Foundation and the Canadian International Development Agency. She is committed to the World Health Organization's goal of Health for All by the Year 2000, and has strong views on improving health care for Canadians through better use of the professional skills of nurses. Helen Mussallem recently received Canada's highest honour, the Companion to the Order of Canada. Other honours include Medal for Distinguished Service, Columbia University, Fellow, Royal College of the Nursing of the United Kingdom, Dame of Grace of the Order of St. John, and the Florence Nightingale Medal of the International Red Cross. She has also received honorary degrees from Memorial University, the University of New Brunswick, Queen's University and McMaster University. Mr. Chancellor, would you now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa upon HELEN KATHLEEN MUSSALLEM.
Mr. Chancellor, Canada has an enviable reputation for helping other nations in need. This reputation is in no small part the result of the work done by dedicated men and women of conscience. We are honoured to have such a woman in our presence today. Margaret Catley-Carlson has dedicated her career to promoting economic growth in developing countries throughout the world. She has been recognized internationally for her work on behalf of Third World development, and is a world authority on population control issues. Margaret Catley-Carlson is also one of the most prominent and respected civil servants in Canada. She grew up in Nelson, BC and attended UBC where she received a BA in Political Science in 1966. After completing postgraduate work at the University of the West Indies, she worked for the Canadian Department of External Affairs and was posted in Sri Lanka and London. Her ambition, determination and energy propelled her along an upward path in the field of aid and development, and in 1981 she was appointed Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations and Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF. She served as President of the Canadian International Development Agency from 1983 to 1989. In 1989, she served as the Deputy Minster of Health and Welfare Canada. Margaret Catley-Carlson became President of the Population Council in 1993. Based in New York, the Population Council undertakes social and health science programs relevant to developing countries and conducts biomedical research to improve contraceptive technology. As the first female and non-American President to head the international organization, Margaret Catley-Carlson has become an influential spokesperson on the issue of global population control. Throughout her career, Margaret Catley-Carlson has kept in contact with UBC, lecturing to undergraduate classes and graduate seminars. She has been an effective spokesperson throughout the country on behalf of Canada's aid programs. She holds honorary degrees from the University of Regina, St. Mary's University, Concordia University and Mount Saint Vincent University. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you bestow yet another honour on this distinguished Canadian by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws honoris causa upon MARGARET CATLEY-CARLSON.
Mr. Chancellor, dedication and commitment to the practice of law helps shape a safer, nobler society. We are honoured today to have present a pioneer in the field of provincial law. The Honourable Madam Justice Patricia M. Proudfoot broke down gender barriers when she became the first woman appointed to the Criminal Division of the Provincial Court of British Columbia. Throughout her distinguished career she has served as a mentor for many women in the legal profession, and has maintained an abiding interest in the status of women in Canada. Madam Justice Proudfoot received her B.A. and LL.B. from UBC, and was called to the BC Bar in 1953. That same year she established a private law practice in Vancouver, and achieved an excellent reputation as a family law practitioner. She continued her practice until 1971, when she was appointed to the Provincial Court of British Columbia, the first woman to receive this honour. Her career advanced rapidly as she became the first woman appointed to the County Court of BC and the first female Judge of the Supreme Court of BC. She is a Judge of the Court of Appeal of BC and Yukon Territory, and in 1991 was appointed to the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories. While maintaining her groundbreaking career in the Courts, Madam Justice Proudfoot served on the Royal Commission on the Incarceration of Female Offenders, and was a member of the federal Committee to Investigate Sexual Offences Against Children. In March of this year she was appointed to the Canadian Panel on Extraordinary Challenges - North American Free Trade Agreement. Madam Justice Proudfoot was a member of the Board of Directors for the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews, and inspired the province's youth as Honorary Director of the Big Sisters of British Columbia. Her work in the legal profession has been recognized with an honorary degree from Simon Fraser University. The career of Madam Justice Proudfoot will inspire women entering the legal profession for many years to come. Mr. Chancellor, will you now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa upon PATRICIA MATHILDA PROUDFOOT.
Mr. Chancellor, Canada's ability to compete effectively in a global economy depends to a great extent upon the relationships we develop with business men and women around the world. Friends of Canada help promote our interests abroad, keep us abreast of opportunities as they develop and ensure that our economy flourishes. Such a friend to Canada is Koichiro Ejiri. Mr. Ejiri is one of Japan's most respected business leaders. Educated at the Tokyo Imperial University, he joined Mitsui and Company Ltd., in 1943. His early interest in international business led him to Australia where he became General Manager of Mitsui in 1968. By 1969, he was appointed President of Mitsui Australia, and in 1980, he became Executive Managing Director and President of Mitsui in the United States. By 1990, Koichiro Ejiri was Chairman of the Board of Directors of Mitsui and Company Ltd. Mr. Ejiri's superior management skills and strong interest in international business have made him a leading spokesperson for Japanese business abroad. His positions at Mitsui have involved him directly in all regions of the world and have given him unique insights into the relationships between world economies. As already noted, Koichiro Ejiri is also an invaluable friend of Canada. He has provided long service as Vice-Chairman of the Japan-Canada Economic Committee of Keidanren, and is currently its acting Chair. In this role, he has been a driving force behind the success of the Canada-Japan Business Cooperation Committee. In 1991, the Prime Minister of Japan appointed Mr. Ejiri Vice-Chairman of the Canada-Japan Forum 2000. This forum, established by the Prime Ministers of Canada and Japan, has made major recommendations in charting the course for Canada-Japan relations and will have a dramatic effect on future trade between the two countries. Also a long-time friend of UBC, Mr. Ejiri played a key role in helping us develop the Centre for Japanese Research. The many awards Mr. Ejiri has received from around the world illustrate his widespread prominence. These include The Governor Award from the State of New York and the Blue Ribbon Medal from the Emperor of Japan. He has been named a Commander of the Order of Rio Branco in Brazil, Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia and an Officer of the Legion of Honour in France. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you bestow honour on this distinguished businessman by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws honoris causa, upon KOICHIRO EJIRI.
Mr. Chancellor, music is a sustaining source of pleasure and inspiration in virtually every culture on earth, and we count those who create that music among our most valued citizens. We are privileged to have with us today a widely admired Canadian musician and one of the giants of twentieth century jazz. Oscar Peterson was born in Montreal and showed vast musical ability as a child. Though he studied classical piano, his unique gift was clearly in the field of jazz. After forming his own trio at the age of 22, he was signed to appear in Carnegie Hall's "Jazz at the Philharmonic" series. By 1950, he had begun his recording career and was a regular performer at Carnegie Hall. That same year, he was awarded the first of twelve annual awards from the influential jazz magazine, Down Beat, as the best jazz pianist of the year. Dr. Peterson's career has taken him around the world many times. He has performed in the most prestigious venues and played and recorded with great musicians such as Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, and virtually every other major jazz artist of our time. A prolific composer and arranger, he has recently written scores for the National Film Board, Les Ballets Jazz du Canada and the BBC. He also founded the Advanced School of Contemporary Music in Toronto, and served as Chancellor of York University. Oscar Peterson has received many honours. Among these, he was named an Officer and a Companion of the Order of Canada; Officer in the Order of Arts and Letters in France; recipient of the George Peabody Medal for outstanding contributions to music in America; winner of six Grammy awards; and has accepted ten honorary degrees from Canadian Universities. Few pianists have had such an impact upon the jazz world. His masterful playing is at once dazzling and eloquent. Oscar Peterson is that rarity in the musical world: a musician's musician. Mr. Chancellor, would you please honour this remarkable man by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon OSCAR EMMANUEL PETERSON.
Mr. Chancellor, the University of British Columbia is fortunate to have among its graduates men and women who use their skill and talent for the public good. Such a person is John Napier Turner, who has dedicated much of his life to public service. Born in England, John Turner moved to Rossland, British Columbia in 1932 at the age of two and spent his youth in Ottawa. He graduated with an Honours Bachelor of Arts degree from UBC in 1949. As a student at UBC, he was active in the Alma Mater Society and the Radio Society, was sports editor for the Ubyssey and was a Big Block winner for his ability in track and field, where he was Canadian champion in sprints. He returns often to his alma mater to speak to students about politics and to encourage them to get involved in shaping their country. In 1992, he was awarded the Alma Mater Society's highest honour when he was named a Great Trekker. His academic accomplishments are equally impressive. After graduating from UBC, he attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar where he earned bachelor degrees in jurisprudence and civil law and a Master of Arts degree. After establishing a successful legal career in Montreal, he became involved in politics and was first elected to the federal parliament in 1962. His natural political ability and extensive knowledge of international law attracted immediate attention, and during his years in parliament he was called upon to serve as Registrar General, Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, Solicitor General, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, and Minister of Finance. He was also one of only three Members of Parliament to represent constituencies in three provinces: Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia. As Minister of Justice, John Turner made significant contributions to the Canadian judicial system by establishing the Law Reform Commission, and by playing a major role in the creation of the Federal Court of Canada. In 1984, John Turner was elected the leader of the Liberal Party and became Prime Minister of Canada. He also served nine years as Member of Parliament for Vancouver Quadra and Leader of the Opposition. His career in the House of Commons spanned four decades and seven governments. He has served his country, his profession and this university with distinction. Since retiring from politics, John Turner has returned to his first love, the law, and is a partner in the firm Miller Thomson. He currently serves on several major corporate and charitable boards. Mr. Chancellor, will you please add to other honours bestowed upon this distinguished Canadian by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon JOHN NAPIER TURNER.
Mr. Chancellor, one of our primary responsibilities as educators is to forge effective links between our universities' investigative work and the needs of the community. We have with us today a man who has dedicated his career to this task. He has built bridges between UBC and the community in the fields of agriculture, natural history, forestry and land management. Vernon Cuthbert (Bert) Brink was born in Alberta and completed both his Bachelor's and Master's degrees at UBC. After finishing his Ph.D. at the University of Wisconsin in 1940, he joined UBC as an instructor in the department of Agronomy, becoming a full professor in 1951. He served as chairman of the department of Plant Science from 1954 to 1969, and became professor emeritus after his retirement in 1977. Vernon Brink is a first-class academic with dozens of published scholarly articles. His interests are broad, and he is professionally consulted in the fields of plant science, geology and habitat conservation. He is particularly beloved as a former teacher and supervisor of many Masters and Ph.D. students. These students now hold positions of influence in the scientific, agricultural and governmental communities. His greatest achievement, however, has been his continuing effort to combine a love of science with a deep respect for the natural world. As an academic, he has worked with many agricultural and recreational organizations, seeking ways to responsibly use our living resources. He acknowledges and supports the economic role of renewable resources, but has kept in mind our society's equally important needs for recreation, beauty and preservation of wildlife habitat. As an expert on the integrated use of natural resources, he has the rare distinction of being held in high regard by both business and environmental organizations. In recognition of his accomplishments and his dedication to the community, he has received the Order of Canada, the Order of British Columbia and many prestigious awards from wildlife, nature and conservation groups. At UBC, he was instrumental in the establishment of Pacific Spirit Park on the Endowment Lands. Most recently, the University of Northern British Columbia created the Vernon C. Brink Endowed Scholarship to support its natural resources and environmental studies program. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you honour this distinguished Canadian by conferring the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon VERNON CUTHBERT BRINK.
Mr. Chancellor, we are privileged to have in our presence one of Canada's foremost contemporary writers. Audrey Grace Thomas was born in New Jersey and received her Bachelor's Degree at Smith College. She moved to Canada in 1959 and attended UBC where she received her Master's Degree in 1963. She published her first book of short stories in 1967. Ms. Thomas' writings are read and reviewed internationally, and her sharply detailed, witty and sometimes painful accounts of everyday life evoke universal human themes. In her novels, short stories and radio plays, she shows a continuing interest in the female experience and a passion for the English language. Though much of her work concerns women, her experiments with language and her honest examination of her characters has attracted the acclaim of readers and critics of both sexes. In her stories, Audrey Thomas probes the difficult relationships between men and women, exploring the love, anger, hope and despair which can paralyze or stir people to action. Her writings reveal an acute mind, a generosity of vision and a stylish commitment to the art and craft of fiction. She charts the matter of her personal life with a sophisticated, flexible and highly individual style. A sense of place is also central to Ms. Thomas' writing. While her travels to Africa, Greece, Scotland and America are reflected in her work, many of her stories are set in British Columbia's Gulf Islands, which she has used to create a rich literary landscape. Her writing has greatly contributed to our understanding of the Canadian experience. Audrey Thomas' work has been widely praised and has won her several international awards including the Canada-Australia Prize, the Ethel Wilson Prize and the Marian Engel Award. She was nominated for a Governor General's Award in 1984, and was appointed the Canada-Scotland Literary Fellow in 1985. Audrey Thomas is also an enthusiastic teacher. She shares her unique perspective and immense talent with aspiring writers as a speaker and writer-in-residence, and has taught creative writing at UBC and at schools and universities across the country. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon AUDREY GRACE THOMAS.
Mr. Chancellor, UBC was built by the good will of men and women around the world who understand the university's strength and who recognize its worth. Such a man is Dr. Chow Hong-Tao. Dr. Chow is widely regarded as a founding father of Taiwan's economic miracle. He has had a long and distinguished career in the Taiwan government and is particularly recognized for his knowledge and expertise in financial management. He started his career with the National Government shortly after graduating from the National Wuhan University in 1939. He held a number of key positions in the government including Deputy Secretary-General of the Central Committee of the Kuomintang; Executive Director of the Bank of China; Chairman of the Bank of Taiwan; Vice-Minister of the Ministry of Finance; Chairman of the Board of Directors, Taipei World Trade Centre; and Minister of State. He is currently the National Policy Advisor to the President of the Republic of China. Dr. Chow is also recognized for putting the needs of the community above all other things, and for his promotion of international understanding. His work in this regard helped establish the annual Canada-Taiwan Higher Education Conference. Since the beginning of UBC's activities in Taiwan, Dr. Chow has been an indispensable link between the university and the highest levels of Taiwan's academic, economic and political communities. Because of his efforts, UBC is recognized in Taiwan as one of North America's premier universities, and he has been directly responsible for a number of UBC's successful initiatives in Taiwan over the past few years. Mr. Chow hosted the first UBC alumni function in Taipei and continues to be a strong supporter of the university. Mr. Chancellor, for his significant contributions to his country's economic development, and for his dedication to the University of British Columbia, I ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon DR. CHOW HONG-TAO.
Mr. Chancellor, the revival of First Nations culture throughout North America reflects not only the enduring strength of that culture, but also the faith, dedication and insight of Native spiritual leaders. Such a leader is "Tsimalano," known to us as Vincent Stogan. Mr. Stogan has inspired and guided hundreds of First Nations students by being a friend, healer and role model. At the same time, he has generously shared his traditional knowledge and understanding with both aboriginal and non-aboriginal peoples. He is known internationally as a caring and sincere man with a gift for helping people communicate with each other in ways that release pain and stimulate self-esteem and dignity. Born to a family of healers, chiefs and elders, Vincent Stogan received his traditional Musqueam education from his grandfather, his father, his older brother and other Musqueam elders. Vince Stogan has made a major contribution to UBC's First Nations House of Learning and to the development of the First Nations Longhouse. He is a role model to the students enrolled in the Native Indian Education Program and is consulted frequently for advice in First Nations cultural practices. Loyal to his cultural roots, he would never decline when called upon to perform a ceremony or offer prayers. His life is devoted to service. He has served on the Board of Directors of the Vancouver Indian Cultural Society (Friendship Centre), the Friendship Centre in Mission, and the Vancouver Aboriginal Child and Family Services Society. In 1993, Vince Stogan and his wife Edna received the Gold Eagle Feather Award from the Professional Native Women's Association in recognition of their outstanding contribution to the Native community, particularly in the area of healing and Native spirituality. Mr. Chancellor, Vince Stogan is proud of his ancestry and believes that pride in one's culture is the only way to wholeness and life-enhancing spirituality. His belief in the power and purity of the human spirit has brought success and joy to many. Mr. Chancellor, please recognize the work and vision of this remarkable man by conferring the Degree Doctor of Laws honoris causa upon Tsimalano, VINCENT STOGAN.
Mr. Chancellor, Canada's traditions of democracy and unlimited opportunity have attracted hard-working, far-sighted and dynamic individuals from around the world to our shores. Such an individual is Peter Wall. Born in the former Soviet Union, he and his family fled the repression and terror of that state to become citizens of Canada. Mr. Wall has used his sense of self-reliance and his entrepreneurial spirit to become one of the most astute and successful businessmen in the country. He is a caring and committed man, who is able to recognize and nurture the best in those who work with him. He has a creative and innovative mind which allows him to bring unconventional solutions to otherwise insoluble problems. Peter Wall has applied his talents equally well in the area of philanthropy. His generosity extends across the social spectrum to include support for arts organizations such as the Vancouver Opera Society and the Vancouver Art Gallery; health organizations such as the Canadian National Institute for the Blind and Children's Hospital; community organizations such as the United Way and the Salvation Army; and to educational institutions such as the University of British Columbia. Mr. Wall's gift to the university has allowed us to establish the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, which is bringing the finest minds in the world to UBC. Peter Wall believes strongly in Canada. He also believes profoundly in the potential and ability of each individual, given the right opportunity, to contribute fully to this country. He lives this belief in the way he has touched people in both his business and personal dealings. His generosity is a significant expression of his desire to share the fruits of his achievements with the people of Canada. Mr. Chancellor, Peter Wall has said he admires people who sacrifice and contribute without thought of reward. It is, however, our pleasure to bestow this honour on him today. Will you now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon PETER WALL.
Mr. Chancellor, we are privileged to have in our presence today a distinguished scientist and scholar who commands high respect among the academic community of Korea and the rest of the world. Dr. Cho Wan Kyoo, president of the Korean Academy of Science and Technology, is among a handful of scholars who are able to balance many talents. He is a scholar, an administrator, a researcher and an educational reformer. Dr. Cho Wan Kyoo's exceptional career started in 1952 after he graduated with a Bachelor of Science from Seoul National University. He was appointed assistant professor of Biology in 1961 at Seoul National University, then stayed on to complete a doctorate in 1969. His research in the areas of reproductive physiology, hygiene and public health has been published in more than one hundred journals around the world, establishing Dr. Cho's international reputation. He has been invited to conduct collaborative research with many universities, among them the University of Pennsylvania, Johns Hopkins University, Harvard Medical School and Cambridge University. Dr. Cho's service to the international scientific community included membership on the steering committee of the World Health Organization's human reproduction unit, as well as appointments to the Institute for New Technology in the Netherlands, and Japan's Frontier Research Program. Mr. Chancellor, Dr. Cho has dedicated his career to the advancement of education. He served brilliantly as the president of Seoul National University from 1987 to 1991 during a turbulent time, and served as a member of the Presidential Commission Educational Reform. His educational reforms helped establish Korea's strong educational resurgence. In recognition of his commitment to higher education, Dr. Cho Wan Kyoo was appointed Minister of Education from 1992 to 1993. While in the cabinet position, he showed a particular interest in Korean studies at the University of British Columbia. He forged strong links, developing academic and exchange programs between Seoul National University and UBC. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to the honours bestowed on this remarkable man by conferring the Degree Doctor of Science honoris causa upon DR. CHO WAN KYOO.
Mr. Chancellor, there are few individuals among us who can claim success and distinction in widely diverse areas of endeavour. Ivar Ekeland is such an individual. He is an outstanding mathematician, an internationally renowned econometrist, a dedicated educator, a prolific writer, a first-class administrator and a deeply committed human rights advocate. Dr. Ekeland was educated in France where he developed his love for mathematics. His contributions to that discipline include fundamental research in convex analysis, control theory, non-linear analysis, differential equations, Hamiltonian mechanics and symplectic geometry. His work on the periodic orbits of Hamiltonian systems is among the most cited research in modern mathematics. As an economist and financial expert, Ivar Ekeland has often applied his mathematical skills to real world problems. His 1974 monograph entitled Théorie des jeux et introduction à l'économie mathematique deals with the applications of game theory to economics and is a milestone in that subject. Dr. Ekeland has been awarded the Prix Jean Rostand for his book entitled Mathematics and the Unexpected, and the Prix d'Alembert, for another book, The Broken Dice and Other Mathematical Tales of Chance. In 1989, he was elected president of the Université Paris-Dauphine and served until 1994. Prior to this time, he held key positions in various post-secondary national organizations in France. Mr. Chancellor, Ivar Ekeland is a committed human rights activist. In the 1980s, he organized various action committees in France and the USA to obtain exit visas for several Jewish scientists in the former Soviet Union. Loyal to the same principles, he was equally committed to the task of getting the Israeli government to reopen the Palestinian universities in the West Bank and Gaza. These are only a few of Dr. Ekeland's considerable accomplishments in all aspects of human endeavour. We are proud and honoured that he considers UBC as a second-home university, a place where many of his books were written, and where so many of his mathematical discoveries were made. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to the honours bestowed on this remarkable man by conferring the Degree Doctor of Science honoris causa upon IVAR EKELAND.
Mr. Chancellor, we live in a province rich in natural and human resources. One of our most renowned human resources is internationally recognized writer, Jack Hodgins. Jack Hodgins has been called the quintessential BC writer. His fiction and non-fiction writing has awakened the world to Canadian west coast regional literature. Mr. Hodgins has had a long and distinguished career. His first book appeared in 1972, and over the ensuing twenty-three years he has written twelve others. Most of his stories are set on Vancouver Island, where his sharply drawn characters interact with the landscape to create a compelling portrait of the area. His superbly crafted style ranges from realism, magic realism and historical fiction to experimental postmodernism. Among his many prizes are the Governor-General's Award in 1979, the Canada Council Senior Arts Award in 1980, and the Canada Australia Prize in 1988. As well, he has won Gibson's First Novel Award for his novel The Invention of the World; the Periodical Distributor's Award and the President's Medal of the University of Western Ontario for short stories; and the Eaton Award for his short story collection, Spit Delaney's Island. Jack Hodgins has also written for a variety of magazines, among them Canadian Forum, Saturday Night, Westerly, Island, Northwest Review, Antigonish Review and Paris Transcontinental. Many of these stories have been translated into other languages for readers around the world. A graduate of UBC, Jack Hodgins obtained his Bachelor of Education from UBC in 1961. He taught high school in Nanaimo, and was later a writer-in-residence at the University of Ottawa. He currently teaches Creative Writing at the University of Victoria, and takes time to encourage young and emerging writers. His most recent book, A Passion for Narrative, a guide to writing fiction, is considered one of the best of the genre. Jack Hodgins has brought renown to the university and to British Columbia as one of Canada's finest fiction writers, an innovative stylist and a distinguished academic. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the Degree Doctor of Letters honoris causa upon JACK HODGINS.
Mr. Chancellor, this university has produced men and women who have excelled beyond all others in their careers. Gloria Cranmer Webster is such a person. She has made her mark as a North American leader in First Nations cultural affairs. Gloria Cranmer Webster has combined cultural activism with scholarship to create positive relationships between native and non-native communities. She has demonstrated her leadership in many areas: linguistics, material culture, film, education and history. As well, she has worked tirelessly at the local, national and international levels to encourage understanding among cultures. Born in Alert Bay, Gloria Cranmer Webster moved to Victoria in 1945. She attended high school there, and then came to UBC, where she obtained a BA in Anthropology. Gloria Cranmer Webster's work as a cultural activist began with a position as an assistant curator at UBC's Museum of Anthropology. She went on to become a pioneer in Native-owned-and-operated museums after persuading officials at various Canadian and American museums to repatriate the collections of potlatch ceremonial objects. The collection, which had been confiscated from a number of tribes during the 1920s, was later housed at the U'mista Cultural Centre in Alert Bay. The centre itself was created through her efforts. As an educator, Gloria Cranmer Webster developed teaching manuals for the Kwakwaka'wakw language, devised dance instruction programs and produced films dealing with Kwakwaka'wakw culture. Along with the films, her writings constitute some of the classic work on her culture, art and history. She has also been a member of the Advisory Council for the First People's Hall of the Museum of Civilization; a consultant for exhibitions at the Fowler Museum of Natural History and the American Museum of Natural History; and the Vice-Chair of Heritage, Language and Cultural Council, Ministry of Native Affairs, Government of BC. In 1993, Gloria Cranmer Webster was awarded the Native American Art Studies Association Biennial Honour for lifetime achievement. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to the honours bestowed upon her by conferring the Degree Doctor of Laws honoris causa upon GLORIA CRANMER WEBSTER.
Mr. Chancellor, live theatre has the ability to propel audiences to the heights and depths of emotion. Watching new lives unfold on the stage, the audience is transported to another time and place. We are honoured today to have present a man who has revolutionized live theatre in Canada. Garth Drabinsky has brought Canadian theatre to the level of London and Broadway and to the attention of the world. Garth Drabinsky earned his bachelor of law degree in 1973 from the University of Toronto, and was called to the Ontario Bar with Honours two years later. In 1979, he co-founded Cineplex Odeon Corporation, which became one of North America's largest film exhibition companies. Under his leadership, the corporation grew from one complex into a chain of cinemas with 1,800 screens in 500 locations across North America and the United Kingdom. Garth Drabinsky is now Chairman of Live Entertainment of Canada. His production of the Phantom of the Opera and its five year run in Toronto brought world-wide recognition to musical theatre in Canada. He followed this success with the production of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolour Dreamcoat and the launch of Kiss of the Spider Woman, which won several Tony Awards on Broadway. Show Boat is currently playing in New York, and will be the opening production at Vancouver's new Ford Centre for the Performing Arts, which is being built by his company. Throughout his career, Garth Drabinsky has found time to serve his community and encourage the arts in Canada. He is actively involved with several organizations including Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children, Mount Sinai Hospital and the United Way. He has spearheaded the restoration and construction of theatres in Toronto and Vancouver. He promotes Canadian visual arts through the Drabinsky Gallery, presents classical music at the North York Performing Arts Centre, and offers a lecture series throughout North America that focuses on learning and tolerance. He has also received high honours for his career and community service by organizations including the Tourism Industry Association of Canada, and the Variety Club of Greater Washington, D.C. Garth Drabinsky's work will continue to give Canadian talent the opportunity to be showcased on the world entertainment stage. Mr. Chancellor, would you now confer upon GARTH HOWARD DRABINSKY the Degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.