Mr. Chancellor, men and women from around the world have come to Canada to contribute their talents, vision and energy to our culture. Many of these individuals have become exemplary citizens who have given back as much as they have received. Leslie Dan is such an individual. Born in Hungary, Mr. Dan immigrated to Canada in 1947. He earned his BSc and MBA degrees at the University of Toronto. After graduation, he worked for a retail pharmacy for one and a half years, then started his own export company shipping medical parcels to Europe. In 1965 he began his pharmaceutical manufacturing business which, over the past 30 years, has become the largest Canadian-based company of its type. The company's headquarters are in Scarborough with subsidiaries in Winnipeg, Vancouver, North Carolina, Florida and Hungary. The Vancouver firm, Stanley Pharmaceuticals, is used extensively by UBC students and faculty for education and research activities. Mr. Chancellor, we are recognizing Leslie Dan not only for his achievements in his professional field, but also for his generosity and social concern. He led the building fund and expansion of the Hungarian Jewish Hospital in Budapest, and founded the Canadian Medicine Aid Program to provide medical aid to Third World nations. Recently, at the request of Mother Teresa, his company contributed medical supplies to fight the outbreak of pneumonic plague in India, and to help medical workers cope with the crisis in Rwanda. In 1991, he established the Dan Family Chair in Neurosurgery at the University of Toronto. Mr. Dan has contributed generously to the study and development of pharmaceuticals, and every pharmacy school in Canada has student awards sponsored by his company. His service to the community is no less impressive. He founded and chaired the Canadian Drug Manufacturers Association to represent Canadian-owned pharmaceutical manufacturers. He is past president of the Brotherhood - Temple Emanu-El, and a member of the board of Mount Sinai Hospital, and the Canadian Shaare Zedek Hospital, among others. He was named Honorary Chairman of the Toronto Aish HaTorah Annual Event, and has been recognized by many countries for his humanitarian efforts. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to the recognition of a man described as a giant of Canadian pharmacy, by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon LESLIE LEWIS DAN.


Mr. Chancellor, today we are honouring a man who is recognized as one of his generation's most productive and influential scholars in international and constitutional law. Educated at the University of British Columbia and Harvard, Thomas Franck has been a professor of law since 1960, and the director of New York University's Centre for International Studies since 1965. Thomas Franck's scholarly activity is considerable. He is the author of 22 books and numerous articles in his field. He has served as an advisor to international law-making conferences for many countries, including Canada, and has been a visiting professor at Stanford, Princeton, York and the University of East Africa. As well, he was for two years the Director of Research at the United Nations Institute of Training and Research. Thomas Franck has been elected by his peers to such renowned organizations as the International Law Association and the American Society of International Law. He has received many fellowships and awards honouring his intellectual contributions. Among these honours are the Guggenheim Fellowship in 1973, and then again in 1982; the Christopher Medal, for his book, Resignation in Protest; and two Certificates of Merit from the American Society of International Law. He was recently invited to present the "General Course" to the Hague Academy of International Law, an honour accorded only a few in the discipline. Thomas Franck has also served since 1984 as the editor-in-chief of The American Journal of International Law, the world's leading and most influential journal in this field. Mr. Chancellor, Thomas Franck is a distinguished UBC alumnus, recognized internationally for his success as a scholar, teacher, publicist, writer and statesman. He has contributed significantly to the advancement of international law and human rights on behalf of the UN and the governments of Canada and the United States. The professional and international contributions of Thomas Franck, coupled with his prodigious scholarly record, rank him with UBC's most outstanding graduates. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to the honours presented this most distinguished man by conferring the Degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon THOMAS MARTIN FRANCK.



Mr. Chancellor, law forms the cornerstone of our society. Judges and lawyers are the guardians who ensure the law is applied in fairness to every British Columbian. Today we are privileged to have in our presence the Honourable William Arthur Esson, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia. He is among the most accomplished members of the British Columbia Bar, and among UBC's most distinguished alumni. Born in Vancouver, Chief Justice Esson attended UBC and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1953 and a law degree in 1957. After a distinguished career practicing civil litigation at the Vancouver firm of Bull, Housser and Tupper, William Esson went to the Supreme Court as a Puisne Justice in 1979. He was later elevated to the British Columbia Court of Appeal and became Chief Justice of the Supreme court in 1989 - the largest court of superior judicial knowledge and reshape it to meet modern circumstances. The contributions of Chief Justice Esson to the administration of justice in B.C. are matched by his continuing involvement in the legal community. He has been active in legal education and has helped explain the process of the Supreme Court to the public. He has been involved with the Law Society of B.C. and the Canadian Judicial Council, and has served his community as a director of the Vancouver Foundation and the Vancouver Institute. Chief Justice Esson has also been a frequent supporter of the UBC Law School, which is celebrating its 50th anniversary. Chief Justice Esson has gained recognition throughout B.C. and Canada for the style and wisdom of his judgements. Mr. Chancellor, would you now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon WILLIAM ARTHUR ESSON.



Mr. Chancellor, we are honoured to have in our presence today a woman whose dedication, ability and pioneering spirit have lifted her to the height of her profession. Surgeon General Wendy Arlene Clay is a doctor, pilot and flight surgeon who has risen through the ranks of the Canadian Forces and has consistently demonstrated an exceptional level of commitment to medicine and to her country. Born in Fort St. John, Dr. Clay began her military career in the Navy ROTP Program at UBC, where she graduated with a medical degree in 1967. She completed an internship at Toronto General Hospital and was assigned to Canadian Forces Base Trenton, where she became the first woman to receive training as a flight surgeon. Her next posting was to CFB Moose Jaw, where in 1974 she was the first woman to earn pilot's wings in the Canadian Forces. Dr. Clay was posted to National Defence Headquarters in 1982, where she was Director of Preventive Medicine. In 1988, as command surgeon, she was the highest-ranking physician at Air Command Headquarters. A year later, she achieved the rank of brigadier-general and was made Commandant of the National Defence Medical Centre. In 1994, Dr. Clay was promoted to the rank of Major-General and the position of Surgeon General for the Canadian Forces. She is the first woman to achieve both of those positions. Mr. Chancellor, we are recognizing Dr. Clay not only for these achievements, but also for her commitment to her profession. In her 27 years with the Canadian Forces, Dr. Clay has served her country in medical, administrative, and leadership positions, including a six-month peacekeeping tour in the Middle East. She has completed further studies in advanced aviation medicine and earned a Master's Degree in Health Sciences from the University of Toronto. Dr. Clay's leadership in military medicine has made her an exceptional role model. In recognition of her achievements she has received awards from the UBC Medical Division and the UBC Alumni Association. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you now confer the Degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon WENDY ARLENE CLAY.



Mr. Chancellor, throughout history the stage has celebrated the triumphs and tragedies of life. Together, actors and audience explore what it means to be human. We are honoured today to have with us an artist who has been sharing our stories on stages throughout North America. Joy Dorothy Coghill has performed, produced and directed for more than 40 years, serving as a mentor to fellow artists and contributing to the cultural well-being of our country. Joy Coghill completed her Bachelor of Arts degree from UBC in 1947 and her Masters of fine Arts at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1950. As a producer, director and artistic director, she has been a pioneer in the West Coast theatre movement. She has directed and produced plays for local companies including UBC's Frederic Wood Theatre, Holiday Theatre and the Vancouver Playhouse. Her many achievements include the production of George Gyga's The Ecstasy of Rita Joe, the direction of The Country Wife and writing and acting in The Song of this Place, based on the life of Emily Carr. Joy Coghill's name is familiar to theatre audiences in virtually every Canadian centre. She has performed with the New Play Centre, the National Arts Centre, the Stratford Festival and most other theatre organizations in the country. Her work as an actor for the CBC has brought her national acclaim. As a teacher, Ms. Coghill has shared her passion for the theatrical arts with students across North America. She has developed a close relationship with UBC as a guest speaker and ambassador to theatre departments abroad. We are especially grateful for her work in establishing a liaison between UBC and the University of Tel Aviv. In recognition of her commitment to the cultural future of our community, Mr. Coghill has received numerous awards, including the Order of Canada, the YWCA Women of Distinction Award, the Confederation Medal and an honorary degree from Simon Fraser University. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to the honours bestowed on this artist by conferring the Degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon JOY DOROTHY COGHILL.



Mr. Chancellor, the mark of a true leader is the rare combination of innovation, vision and exceptional people skills. Gordon Forward is a true leader, recognized throughout the world for his many significant contributions to the steel industry. Many of the industry's standards for production and quality can be traced back to the work of this pioneer. Mr. Forward earned Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Science from UBC, and a doctorate in Metallurgy from MIT. He was Senior Research Engineer for the Steel Company of Canada and General Superintendent of the Lake Ontario Steel Company before joining the Texas-based Chaparral Steel Company in 1975 as Vice-President. Under his leadership as President and Chief Executive Officer, Chaparral Steel Company established a world-wide reputation for the development and application of new knowledge and for the implementation of innovative solutions to steelmaking problems. He was also a member of the design and construction team that developed the most efficient steel mill in the world. Mr. Forward is noted for a highly successful career that carefully combines the fields of science, business and management. In 1984, Fortune magazine selected Chaparral Steel as one of the ten best-managed manufacturing companies in America; author Tom Peters named him Chief Executive Officer of the Year in 1987; and in 1992 Iron Age Magazine honoured him as US Steelmaker of the Year. He has shown a deep interest in higher education and is a strong advocate of collaborative research between industry and universities. In addition to co-authoring several technical publications, Mr. Forward has served as a lecturer at many leading North American universities and provides advice through departmental councils. The impressive list of councils he serves on includes the Advisory Councils at Queen's University and Southern Methodist University, the Stanford University Graduate School of Business, and the MIT and UBC Material Science Schools. MIT recognized Mr. Forward as a distinguished alumnus with its Corporate Leadership Award in 1987. He also received an Honorary Doctor of Laws from Queen's University in 1993. Mr. Chancellor, I would now ask you to confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon GORDON EDWARD FORWARD.



Mr. Chancellor, the visual arts both shape and reflect the texture of our society, and those who encourage artistic endeavour and appreciation of the arts do much to enrich our world. Doris Shadbolt has had an immense influence on the growth and awareness of the visual arts in Vancouver, British Columbia and Canada. She was among the small group of people in the years after World War II who moved Canadian art toward the modernity of the twentieth century, and who recognized the importance of the artistic expressions of First Nations peoples. She began her association with the Vancouver Art Gallery as an educator, then served as curator and ultimately director. As curator she organized exhibitions that had an enormous impact on the public, academic and museum communities. She introduced works from First Nations artists that showed new vision based on traditional art; she brought in international works of cutting-edge importance; and she created recognition of undervalued regional artists. Her scholarly works include many catalogues written to accompany the exhibits she curated; educational guides and pamphlets; and two outstanding books on British Columbia artists, Emily Carr and Bill Reid. Both books are considered nationally and internationally to be the definitive texts on these highly significant artists. She has taught at the University of British Columbia and in her professorial role has had a great influence on artists, art teachers and art administrators in this region. She has contributed her guidance and expertise widely to the art community and to the art-appreciating public through her association with most of the cultural institutions in Canada and internationally. She has served on a number of boards, including the National Gallery of Canada and the Canada Council. In 1988, she co-founded the Vancouver Institute for the Visual Arts, a philanthropic organization that provides grants to artists who early in their careers show strong creative gifts, but require some financial assistance to realize their potential. In recognition of Ms. Shadbolt's tremendous contributions to the cultural life of British Columbia and Canada, she was awarded the Order of Canada in 1973. Her work as a scholar, her great impact as an educator and author, and her unique impact on artistic expression and appreciation in Vancouver and British Columbia stand as a legacy for the people and culture of this region. Mr. Chancellor, please confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon DORIS KATHLEEN SHADBOLT.



Mr. Chancellor, unlocking the smallest secrets of the world around us lies at the heart of answering some of the largest questions of our universe. Bertram Brockhouse is recognized throughout the world for his pioneering research in the field of physics. Born in Lethbridge, Alberta, he grew up in Vancouver, then served his country in the navy in the Second World War. He received his bachelor's degree from the University of British Columbia in 1947, then went on to complete his master's and doctoral studies at the University of Toronto. From there he went to work for the Atomic Energy Project of the National Research Council of Canada, now known as Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. In 1952 he built a triple-axis spectrometer, and by 1955 was able to measure the forces between atoms in solid matter for the first time in the history of the field. This breakthrough and subsequent work revolutionized the field of condensed matter science. In 1962 he joined McMaster University as a Professor of Physics. He continued his research in association with his graduate students, many of whom went on to become internationally renowned scientists in their own right. He is now Professor Emeritus of McMaster University. Bertram Brockhouse has been widely honoured for his pioneering work. He is a recipient of the Buckley Award of the American Physical Society, the Dudell Medal and Prize of the Institute of Physics in the United Kingdom, the Gold Medal of the Canadian Association of Physicists and the Tory Medal of the Royal Society of Canada. He is a Companion of the Order of Canada and has been awarded honorary degrees from the University of Waterloo, the University of Toronto and McMaster University. In 1994, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences named him co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in developing neutron spectroscopy. The Academy stated that, in simple terms, his co-recipient, Physicist Clifford G. Shull of MIT, had helped answer the question of where atoms are, while Bertram Brockhouse had helped answer the question of what atoms do. Their discoveries have played a role in developments ranging from ceramic superconductors to exhaust-cleaning systems employed in automobiles, and led to advances that have already earned Nobel Prizes for other investigators. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you now to add to his list of honours, and confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon BERTRAM NEVILLE BROCKHOUSE.



Mr. Chancellor, our society moves forward through the dedication and leadership of those who are truly committed to ensuring opportunity and fair treatment for everyone. Rosemary Brown is such a person. Born in Jamaica, she came to Canada as a young woman and pursued her education, eventually earning a Master's degree in Social Work at the University of British Columbia. In 1972 she was elected to the British Columbia legislature, becoming the first black woman elected to any Canadian legislature. She made a strong showing as one of the contenders for the federal leadership of the National Democratic Party in 1975, and ultimately served 14 years in the B.C. legislature. She has written a book entitled Being Brown, which chronicles her political experiences. Rosemary Brown has demonstrated a lifelong commitment to advancing the interests of women and minorities during the course of a long career as a social worker, community activist, politician, writer, commentator and lecturer. She was a member of the Institute of Public Affairs at Dalhousie University and the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. In 1987 she was appointed the Ruth Wyn Woodward Professor of the Endowed Chair in Women's Studies at Simon Fraser University. She has also taught in the School of Human and Social Development at the University of Victoria and the School of Social Work at UBC. Ms. Brown is Chief Commissioner of the Ontario Human Rights Commission, and has previously served as executive director of MATCH International Centre, a non-government organization working with women in the Third World. She is a founding member of the Vancouver Status of Women Council and the Vancouver Crisis Centre. She remains active in national and community organizations and has served on a number of boards, including those for Queen's University, the Canadian Women's Foundation, the Advisory Council of the Global Fund for Women, the South African Educational Trust Fund, and the International Committee of Women for a Meaningful Summit. She has received honorary degrees from Queen's University, the University of Guelph, York University, Dalhousie University and Mount Saint Vincent University. The Women Teachers Association of Ontario presented her with its Ontario Meritorious Award in 1989, in recognition of her outstanding contribution to women teachers. In 1991, the UBC Alma Mater Society recognized her accomplishments with its highest honour, the Great Trekker Award, and in 1995 she received the Order of British Columbia. Mr. Chancellor, I would now ask you to add to this list of honours, and confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon ROSEMARY BROWN.


Mr. Chancellor, working for harmony, understanding and co-operation between cultures and nations creates a priceless gift for our world and an important legacy for future generations. Liou Jieh Jow is well-known and respected internationally for his accomplishments in three arenas: politics, business and philanthropy. He has excelled in all because of his strong commitment to developing understanding and good will between different peoples and countries. Liou Jieh Jow was educated at the National Taiwan University, where he earned a Bachelor's degree in Political Science. This helped to prepare him for a political career that saw him serve as a member of the National Assembly of the Republic of China from 1969 to 1991. In 1986 he was elected to the Presidium, a small group of senior Assembly members. Since his retirement in 1991, he has remained active as an advisor to the Government of Taiwan's Executive Cabinet, and Secretary General of the Asian Pacific League for Freedom and Democracy. He also represents Taiwan in political dialogues with senior politicians in the United States, Japan, France, New Zealand and the Phillipines. Liou Jieh Jow's business career is equally broad and accomplished. He is Chairman of China Sport Development Enterprises in Taiwan, Eisho Trading Company in Japan, and here in British Columbia, Coquihalla Developments Corporation, which includes the Nicola Valley Ranch, B.C.'s second-largest privately held cattle ranch. He has been a leader in restoring certain historic buildings in the Nicola Valley, and his contributions to increasing employment and preserving the cultural heritage in the region have been very well received by the local community and the province. In the area of philanthropy, his generosity and commitment transcend boundaries. He has supported research activities at Tsukuba University in Japan. He has been a strong advocate for, and generous supporter of, establishing a Centre for International Studies at the University of British Columbia. His observation is that of all the jurisdictions where he does business, and in which there is a highly visible mix of people from different cultural backgrounds, British Columbia is the one where the greatest harmony exists. His hope and noble objective is that his support for the Centre and UBC will contribute to a greater understanding of international issues and the broadening of this harmony to many other regions. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon LIOU JIEH JOW.



Mr. Chancellor, the strength of any great nation lies in its citizens, and Canada draws strength from those citizens who have devoted themselves to creating friendship, understanding and community among Canadians of all backgrounds. Dr. Gurdev Singh Gill was the first Indo-Canadian to earn a medical degree from the University of British Columbia, and the first Indo-Canadian to practice medicine in Canada. Almost four decades as a respected family physician in New Westminster, known for his personal interest in his patients, would be reason enough to honour this remarkable man, but that is only part of his contribution to our community. Dr. Gill has consistently devoted himself to the cause of intercultural understanding and friendship, for the betterment of all Canadians. He is a former president of the Khalsa Diwan Society, an organization that has represented Indo-Canadians since 1908. As president, he assisted newcomers in adjusting to Canadian culture, and formed a fund-raising committee to build the Sikh Temple on Ross Street in Vancouver, an important resource for the community. As president of the East Indian Canadian Citizens Welfare Association, Dr. Gill petitioned the Canadian government with many of the issues and challenges facing Indo-Canadian immigrants. He was also instrumental in bringing medical care to the villages of the Punjab to provide treatment for immigrants seeking entry to Canada. Previously, these people would have to travel long distances to receive the medical examinations and attention necessary for the immigration process. Dr. Gill was the first president of the National Association of Canadians of Origin in India. He is president of the Indo-Canadian Friendship Society, a group dedicated to promoting friendship and understanding between all Canadians. And he has actively participated in the community affairs of the Rotary Club and B.C.'s Children's Hospital. Over forty years of dedicated volunteer service to the community, including serving as a trustee of the B.C. Cancer Agency and the India Cultural Centre of Canada, has earned Dr. Gill many awards. In 1990 he became the first Indo-Canadian to receive the Order of B.C. He has also received the Community Service Award of the National Indo-Canadian Council in 1992, and the Canada 125 Governor General Award in 1993. Our nation is built on the love of its citizens for Canada and for their fellow Canadians, of all backgrounds. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon GURDEV SINGH GILL.



Mr. Chancellor, we often speak about the whole being greater than the sum of its parts.Verna Huffman Splane and Richard Splane are living proof of this truism.Throughout their separate professional careers in Nursing and Social Work, respectively, Verna and Richard have exemplified public service, scholarship and consultation locally, nationally and especially internationally. Each has held numerous key offices. Verna has been Principal Nursing Officer of Canada, Vice-President of the International Council of Nurses, and a Nursing Advisor to the World Health Organization. Richard has been Assistant Deputy Minister of Health and Welfare Canada, was an executive committee member of the International Council on Social Welfare, and has served as President of the International Conferences on Social Development. Individually and together, they have contributed significantly to Canada's stature as a world leader in health and social service policy development. The Splanes forged important international linkages for Canada with countries around the globe, and helped reformulate the model by which health and social issues are understood in policy arenas. In addition to their various national and international offices, they maintained strong relationships with the University of British Columbia, she as an honorary lecturer in the School of Nursing and he as Professor and now Professor Emeritus of the School of Social Work. Verna has received honorary degrees from Queen's University and St. Francis Xavier University, and was awarded the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal in 1977. Richard has received honorary degrees from Wilfrid Laurier University and McMaster University, and was awarded the Centennial Medal of Canada in 1967. Both received the Order of Canada this year. Since their supposed retirement well over a decade ago, the Splane team has continued on a voluntary basis to sustain a level of international social policy and health consultation that has made Canada a visible presence in world health policy. Further, at a time when many would be slowing the pace of their activities, the Splanes have applied their considerable influence, global networks and personal resources to conducting interviews and research in over 50 countries. The result is an important book that examines the historical development of Chief Nursing Officer positions and their influence on health services policy development. On the basis of this exemplary team contribution to public service, following exceptional individual professional and academic careers, Mr. Chancellor I would ask that you confer the University of British Columbia's first-ever joint degree, Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon VERNA HUFFMAN SPLANE and RICHARD BEVERLY SPLANE.


Mr. Chancellor, the sharing of ideas, information and knowledge between different cultures can only lead to great things. As one of Korea's most celebrated business leaders, Chun-Hak Ahn has played a critical role in building important bridges between Canada and Korea. He has been a visionary and keen internationalist throughout his career. Mr. Ahn garnered the nickname "Iacocca Ahn" as the driving force in the turnaround of the government-owned Korea Heavy Industries Ltd., Hanjung. This is in reference to Lee Iacocca's famous turnaround of Chrysler Corporation. In just 36 months, Mr. Ahn guided his company from a US$250 million loss, to a phenomenal US$250 million annual profit. He was Chairman of the Board and President and CEO of Hanjung from 1990 to 1993 and continues to serve as an advisor to the company. Renowned for his innovative management style and open door policy, Mr. Ahn has also held numerous positions with three different Ssang Yong companies. His contributions to Korean business and economic development are recognized by three Korean Orders of Industrial Service Merit: Copper, Iron and Silver Tower Orders of Merit. For the past three years, Mr. Ahn has turned his energy and passion to helping build strong ties between UBC and the business and academic communities in Korea. He has made a significant contribution to the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration in particular. As a member of the Korean-Canadian Economic Cooperation Committee, and as Chairman, President and CEO of Hanjung, he was instrumental in helping to raise the initial endowment funds to create UBC's Centre for Korean Research, and was an Honorary Research Associate of that Centre from 1993 to 1994. He has also served as an Executive-in-Residence in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, giving lectures and helping students with term papers and research. Since 1994, he has served as a member of the Faculty's Advisory Council, which is comprised of very senior business people from across Canada. Recently he was appointed as Adjunct Professor and will play an important role in the Faculty's growing focus on Asian research and teaching. For his outstanding contributions to Korea, to Korean-Canadian economic relations and to the University of British Columbia, I ask you now, Mr.Chancellor, to confer the Degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon CHUN-HAK AHN.


Mr. Chancellor, the greatest resource our world has is the potential of our young people to accomplish great things. Therefore, the leaders of our educational institutions occupy a unique and highly valuable role: they have the opportunity and the responsibility to provide direction, innovation and inspiration that will help students to realize their full potential for achievement. John McArthur served as Dean of Harvard University's Graduate School of Business Administration for 15 years before retiring in 1995. Prior to his appointment as dean, he served successively from 1973 as Associate Dean of the MBA program, Associate Dean for University Affairs, and Associate Dean of the Business School. A native of Vancouver, he earned his Bachelor of Commerce degree at the University of British Columbia in 1957. He continued his studies at the Harvard Business School, where he completed his MBA in 1959 and his Doctorate in Business Administration in 1963. As a faculty member of the Harvard Business School since 1962, he taught courses in corporate finance in the MBA and doctoral programs as well as several executive programs while engaging in research and course development in Europe and North America. In 1973, John McArthur was appointed the Sylvan C. Coleman Professor of Financial Management, an endowed chair he held until becoming Dean in 1980. His innovations as Dean reshaped the School and its approach to business education. Under his leadership, the School made a commitment to serve new consituencies by providing opportunities for faculty, staff and students to interact with Boston high school students through tutoring, field trips and athletic programs. A special summer program was launched to introduce exceptional minority students to management education. And another initiative encourages Harvard Business School students to explore careers in the non-profit sector. During his tenure as Dean, the representation of minority, international and female students in the School increased substantially. He has held numerous corporate directorships, committee memberships, and consulting posts in business and government over the years. He also played a leadership role in the restructuring of a major component of Boston's hospital system. His noteworthy accomplishments are widely recognized, and he has received honorary degrees from Middlebury College, Queen's University, Simon Fraser University, the University of Western Ontario, and the University of Navarra in Barcelona, Spain. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask that you add to this list of honours and confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon JOHN HECTOR MCARTHUR.


Mr. Vice-Chancellor, our community is enriched by the people who commit their efforts to bringing health, happiness and prosperity to those around them. Bob Lee is a tireless worker on behalf of the causes and the businesses he believes in, and he carries with him an aura of success that translates to all of his activities. Born in Vancouver, he has a history of bridging the Pacific Ocean for the mutual benefit of people in Vancouver and Southeast Asia. His father, who emigrated to Canada at age 16 and worked his way up from humble beginnings to financial prosperity, always emphasized that the true measure of success was in giving back to your community. The father's message obviously made a strong impression on the son. Bob Lee's association with the University of British Columbia began during his student days in the 1950s. He came away with two things that would shape his life. His Bachelor of Commerce degree would provide the foundation for a spectacular career in real estate, most notably with his Prospero Group of companies. More importantly, his beautiful young bride Lily would provide the foundation for a strong family life in the community. Bob Lee's trademark in business was building relationships rather than just deals, and it is a tribute to him that many of his partners not only became longtime friends, but joined him in his support for many community organizations. His enthusiasm and commitment are infectious. He has dedicated himself to many community organizations, including B.C.'s Children's Hospital, the B.C. Paraplegic Association, the Canadian National Institute for the Blind, Mount St. Joseph Hospital and the Rick Hansen Man-in-Motion Foundation. Similarly, he has served the University in a variety of ways: as a member of the Board of Governors and of the Leadership Committee for the World of Opportunity Campaign, as Chair of the UBC Real Estate Corporation, and for the past three years as Chancellor. Bob Lee has been honoured for his many achievements in business and in the community: he was named Businessperson of the Year in 1990 by Chinese Edition Lifestyle Magazine; the UBC Alumni Association recognized him with its Distinguished Alumnus Award in 1982; and he received the Order of British Columbia in 1990. Mr. Vice-Chancellor, I would ask you to add to this list of honours, and confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon ROBERT HORNE LEE.



Mr. Chancellor, through the words of writers we explore worlds previously unknown and unimagined, and we are forever changed. Carol Shields has been changing the world with her words for more than 30 years. She is an educator, a scholar, and a writer who has excelled in nearly every creative field - fiction, drama, poetry, short story writing and journalism. Her works have received countless honours and awards since she won the CBC Young Writers Competition in 1965. Ms. Shields has recently placed Canadian writing at the forefront of world literature as a recipient of the prestigious Pulitzer Prize for her novel Stone Diaries. Her work is noted as being beautifully crafted and subtly innovative. Other awards she has won include: the Canadian Booksellers' Prize in 1994; the Manitoba Book of the Year Award in 1993; the Governor General's Award in 1993; and the Marian Engel Award in 1990. Ms. Shields is a skilled stylist with an eye for character. In her work she continually draws her readers into the complexities of perception and interpretation, the constructions of truth and reality. Her other books include: Swann, Happenstance The Republic of Love, The Orange Fish, Small Ceremonies, Various Miracles and The Box Garden. Many of these have been translated into 14 different languages. A popular lecturer, she has been a guest speaker in the US, Europe and throughout Canada. She also frequently guests on CBC Radio and TV. Academically, Ms. Shields has excelled as well. She obtained a BA from Hanover College in 1957 and a MA from the University of Ottawa in 1975. She has been the writer in residence at the Universities of Winnipeg and Ottawa, and has lectured at the Universities of Ottawa and British Columbia. She currently teaches at the University of Manitoba as an Associate Professor and was recently appointed Chancellor of the University of Winnipeg. I would ask you now, Mr. Chancellor, to confer the degree Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, upon CAROL ANN SHIELDS.



Mr. Chancellor, innovation in science not only changes the way we do things, it changes our lives. In this way, science holds the key to the future. Dr. Norman Pace is a versatile, imaginative and highly regarded scientist. He is noted as a pioneer in the development of molecular techniques to detect and identify organisms that were previously invisible, because they could not be cultivated outside their natural environment. His work has also had considerable impact in the area of biodiversity and ribonucleic acid properties. Through his biochemical studies with ribonucleic acid (RNA), Dr. Pace has provided fundamentally important new insights into the origin of life and the diversity of existing organisms on this planet. He is a Professor at The University of California at Berkeley, a member of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States of America and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Prior to joining Berkeley, he was a Distinguished Professor at Indiana University. With over 150 original research papers, Dr. Pace is a respected leader in the area of designing and conducting experiments to detect life on other bodies within our solar system and within hyperthermal vents on the ocean floors of the planet. In 1996, he received the Proctor and Gamble Award for Applied and Environmental Microbiology. He is a world leader in developing a new perspective to the understanding of microbial diversity. This is extremely important due to the fact that microbes are the largest constituents of the earth's biomass. His breadth and enthusiasm have inspired several generations of students, and his general approaches have transformed the field, and in fact, founded a new discipline. Dr. Pace has established strong ties to UBC by playing a lead role through two key programs: a biodiversity initiative, which involves the cataloguing and description of organisms present in the biosphere, and the Evolutionary Biology Programme of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. Numerous departments within the university are actively involved in the programme. For his outstanding scientific contributions, I would ask you now, Mr. Chancellor, to confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon NORMAN RICHARD PACE.



Mr. Chancellor, the sharing of knowledge and diverse cultures between the East and West enriches all our lives. Cheung-Kok Choi has dedicated himself to building the bridges that allow for this important exchange of information and ideas between the East and the West. He has built a successful career as an industrialist, businessman and philanthropist in China, Hong Kong and Canada. Born in Chaozhou, China, he moved to Vancouver in 1967. He is currently the chair of Eason Enterprises Ltd., Canada. Three overriding principles guide Mr. Choi's Life. He believes that the traditional virtues of Confucianism provide a prescription for the behaviour of human beings. Secondly, he believes that educational institutions help to achieve greater academic excellence by serving as a bridge between the cultures of the East and the West. He also believes that education plays an important role in increasing knowledge and understanding. Mr. Choi's long-standing commitment to education has had a significant impact on students around the world. He has been a major contributor to the school in his native village in China and the Choi Cheung-Kok Prevocational School in Hong Kong. A long-time friend and supporter of UBC, he has established numerous fellowships, bursaries and prizes in several faculties, including the C.K. Choi Fellowship in Business Administration and the C.K. Choi Scholarship in Engineering. The new C.K. Choi Building for the Institute of Asian Research is an important research facility at UBC made possible through his vision, dedication and generous support. Over the years, Mr. Choi has been extremely active in the community. A member of Rotary International, he served as the President of the Hong Kong Rotary Club and received the prestigious Paul Harris Fellow Award for his contribution to Rotary International. He was one of the first council members of the Hong Kong Trade Development Council and was elected Honorary President of the Chinese Manufacturer's Association of Hong Kong. He was also appointed a Justice of Peace by the Governor of Hong Kong. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you now to add to his list of honours, and confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon CHEUNG-KOK CHOI.


Mr. Chancellor, the gift of fine music is a pleasure to behold and a rich treasure to be cherished. Mario Bernardi's gift for music is cherished the world over. He has dedicated his entire life to the field of music and is internationally regarded as a "musician's musician" and an "opera singer's conductor." Born in Kirkland Lake, Ontario, Maestro Bernardi was educated at the Venice Conservatory of Music and began his professional career as a piano accompanist, solo pianist and opera conductor with the Royal Conservatory Opera School at the University of Toronto. In 1957, Maestro Bernardi made his operatic debut with the Canadian Opera Company, and for more than 25 years continued to apply himself wholeheartedly to the company, and in the process gained a reputation as a superb conductor, and interpreter of opera composers. In 1968, he became the first conductor of the newly formed National Arts Centre Orchestra in Ottawa. It was here that his talents truly gained public recognition. He is credited with shaping the orchestra into an organization of "extraordinary distinction." Following several other noteworthy appointments within the Canadian music industry, Maestro Bernardi left Ottawa to become the principal conductor of the CBC Vancouver Orchestra in 1983. Then in 1984, Mario became music director of the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra. With skill and determination, he was successful in building Calgary's orchestra into one of the top three orchestras in Canada. During this time, he appeared as a guest conductor with such companies as the San Francisco Opera, the New York City Opera and the Houston Grand Opera. Mario Bernardi is a Companion of the Order of Canada and an award recipient of the CMCouncil medal and the CCA's Diplôme d'honneur. In addition to his numerous achievements, Maestro Bernardi continues to be an enthusiastic supporter of young musical talent in Canada. His dedication to musical performance, both live and recorded, is of the highest degree and he continues to influence the field of music throughout Canada and internationally. Mr. Chancellor, I would like to ask you now to add to his list of honours, and confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon MARIO BERNARDI.



Mr. Chancellor, the arts -- be it music, drama, or visual arts -- inspire, excite, and move us. Many appreciate the arts from a distance, or with limited participation. Others offer financial support. A rare few, like David Lemon, appreciate art as an intrinsic part of their being. An accomplished businessman, Mr. Lemon is owner of The Magic Flute, which specializes in classical and jazz recordings. Mr. Lemon has become a model for what business people can do to enrich our lives culturally, on both a local and national level. He encourages businesses to recognize the value that artists bring to our community and to support the arts simply because of the beauty and enjoyment they bring to our lives. In 1986, he received the Award for Small Business Support from B.C. Business Magazine. He was also awarded the National Choral Award for Outstanding or Innovative Sponsorship 1990-1992. His passion for the arts is infectious, and he is heralded as Vancouver's most eloquent and energetic champion of the arts. He works tirelessly in all aspects of the arts -- music, visual arts and writing. He has successfully staged numerous cultural events throughout Vancouver and has served on several boards, including The Vancouver Opera, Vancouver Art Gallery and Vancouver Bach Choir. He has also been a major supporter of the National Gallery of Canada. Mr. Lemon is a long-time friend and supporter of the University of British Columbia, and has made significant contributions to the UBC School of Music and the new Chan Centre for the Performing Arts. He was also instrumental in helping the President's Committee on University Art bring Robert Murray's important and much-discussed sculpture, Cumbria, to the campus. He is president of the School of Music's Adaskin Society and coordinates yearly fund-raising concerts for the school. Mr. Chancellor, it is with great pleasure that I ask you now to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon DAVID EDWARD LEMON.


Mr. Chancellor, the task of keeping the public informed of the news and events that take place in the world is a most worthy cause that not only benefits society, but encourages its growth. Sally Aw Sian has dedicated herself to the noble pursuit of journalism, publishing daily papers in communities around the world. As Executive Chair and Group Managing Director of Sing Tao Holdings Ltd., she is responsible for the operations of both Chinese and English newspapers in Canada, Hong Kong, Australia, the U.S., and the U.K. Dr. Aw's father, the late Aw Boon Haw, founded Sing Tao in the 1930's and Dr. Sally Aw took over the helm when she was in her early 20's. Sally Aw Sian has had a significant impact on the field of journalism internationally. Her long-standing commitment to her craft and to numerous communities is exemplary. She has been a council member of St. John Ambulance, chairman of the Hong Kong Rotary Club Students' Loan Fund and Sing Tao Foundation Students' Loan Fund, and was the first woman to be elected chair of the International Press Institute. In 1988, Dr. Aw was awarded the Carr Van Anda Award from the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism at the University of Ohio in recognition of her work with the Sing Tao Daily News, the International Press Institute, and her steadfast defence of press freedom in restrictive environments. Other recipients of this prestigious award include Catherine Graham of the Washington Post and Otis Chandler of the Los Angeles Times. She played a pivotal role in persuading the Hong Kong government to coordinate Hong Kong's participation in Vancouver's Expo '86, by initiating a joint sponsorship project, and providing significant funding and other resources. Since then she has continued to foster relations across the Pacific. Dr. Aw has demonstrated an unwavering commitment to education, and specifically to the field of journalism. She has established a journalism fellowship and a placement program that provides opportunities for scholars to gain valuable international experience. At UBC, she has played a key role in establishing the Sing Tao School of Journalism, two chairs of study, library facilities and a permanent endowment fund. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you now to add to her list of honours, and confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon SALLY AW SIAN.



Mr. Chancellor, strong links between industry and academia help to ensure that universities continue to address the needs of today's ever-changing global marketplace. Haig deB. Farris is a leader in raising awareness of science and technology, promoting the knowledge-based industry in B.C., and bringing university research to the marketplace. A successful entrepreneur, Mr. Farris is President of Fractal Capital Corporation, a Vancouver-based company. In the business community, he is noted for his vision and commitment to the field of science and technology. To say that he was instrumental in the creation of Vancouver's Science World would not do justice to his significant contribution. He worked tirelessly towards this cause. As a key member of the founding Board of Directors he spearheaded Science World's first-ever capital campaign. A graduate of UBC, Mr. Farris has maintained strong ties to campus, serving as an adjunct professor and on various committees. His course on technology entrepreneurship has been extremely well received by students over the past three years, and helps to ensure an adequate supply of well-educated venture capitalists in B.C and Canada. He is also actively involved with the University Industry Liaison Office and the UBC Library. As Chair of the Library Technology Endowment Fund fundraising campaign, he has played a significant role in generating substantial gifts to the Library and has made generous contributions towards new technologies for the new Walter C. Koerner library. Mr. Farris is active in the community as a director with the Vancouver Opera, Chair of the Science Council of B.C., an Advisory Board Member of the UBC Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital Research Centre, and member of the Premier's Advisory Committee on Science and Technology. He is also President of the UBC Alumni Association. In honour of his contributions to business, culture and education in British Columbia, Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you now to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon J. HAIG deB. FARRIS.



Mr. Chancellor, true pioneers advance and shape society through their innovation and dedication in an emerging field. Raymond Lemieux is a pioneer in the field of carbohydrate chemistry. His work has been a key factor in converting this area of research from an academic specialization to one of great practical significance in the important fields of blood typing and medical chemistry. He is also credited with laying the foundation for Western Canada's growing biotech industry. Dr. Lemieux received a B.Sc. from the University of Alberta in 1943. He went on to earn a Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry at McGill University in 1946. Since then, his research and academic careers have taken him to Ohio State University, the University of Saskatchewan, the National Research Council, and the University of Ottawa. He returned to the University of Alberta in 1961 and is now a Professor Emeritus. His extraordinary accomplishments in organic chemistry, biology, medicine, theoretical, and physical chemistry have put him in the forefront of international research for almost five decades. His original research has led to major developments in immunology, immunochemistry, and biology. Dr. Lemieux was instrumental in the founding of several companies, including Chembiomed Ltd., a world leader in the synthesis of biologically active carbohydrates. In addition to making his mark on the business and scientific communities, he has found time to serve on many national and international committees in Canada, the United States and Europe. He was president of the Chemical Institute of Canada in 1985 and served a term on the National Research Council. He has published over 275 scientific papers and has received extensive recognition for his work. Awards and honours for his work include: Officer of the Order of Canada, Fellowship in the Royal Society of Canada, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Gold Medal in Science and the Gairdner Foundation International Award. He has received honorary degrees and awards from the United States, France, Great Britain, Sweden, Switzerland and Canada. Mr. Chancellor, for his tremendous contributions to the field of carbohydrate chemistry, please confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon RAYMOND URGEL LEMIEUX.


Mr. Chancellor, a great career needs to be carefully nurtured over time in order to flourish. Dr. Roy Lewis Taylor knows a lot about nurturing, having spent a career studying botany. Both his career and the gardens under his direction have flourished. For more than 30 years, Dr. Taylor has provided exceptional vision and leadership to the botanical gardens community and to the field of floristics in North America. He is regarded as a pioneer in horticulture therapy and is internationally renowned for his work directing botanical gardens. He is best known for his field work on the flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Born in Olds, Alberta, Dr. Taylor earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Sir George Williams University, Montreal, in 1957 and a Doctor of Philosophy, specializing in Botany, from the University of California at Berkeley in 1962. Dr. Taylor came to the University of British Columbia in 1968 as director of the Botanical Garden. In his more than 17 years with the university he developed this facility into a wonderful resource for students, researchers and the community. UBC's Botanical Garden is significant both for its beauty and scientific importance. A gifted teacher, Dr. Taylor's scholarship, interpersonal skills and dedication to teaching are held in high esteem by his peers and students. He is dedicated to sharing his knowledge and is a strong believer in life-long learning. Dr. Taylor left UBC to become president and chief executive officer of the Chicago Horticultural Society and director of the Chicago Botanic Garden. He later went on to the Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden in California where he works today as director. His career continues to be an inspiration to many. Mr. Chancellor, in recognition of his many significant contributions, I ask that you confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon ROY LEWIS TAYLOR.



Mr. Chancellor, at the heart of every strong, vibrant community, lies a leader whose vision, hard work and perseverance has made a difference to the lives of many. Born and raised on the Kamloops Indian Reserve, Chief Manny Jules has served as the spokesperson for his community for more than twenty years, as both a band councillor and chief. He is an innovator and a pioneer who deeply loves his people and cares passionately about their rightful place within Canada. His leadership and commitment have contributed greatly to improving the lives of First Nations people across Canada. He has used his wisdom, the teaching of his elders, and his profound respect for the land to help guide him and find consensus. He takes an inclusive approach to community decision-making. Chief Jules has demonstrated a visionary and practical approach to many pressing First Nations issues, including the restoration of economic independence to First Nations communities and protection of the environment. Working to solve problems at a local level for the Kamloops Indian Band has led him to develop initiatives that have become national in scope. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources, a national First Nations environmental organization dedicated to the preservation and enhancement of First Nations lands and territories. He played a leading role in establishing the Indian Taxation Advisory Board, which provides viable on-reserve tax regimes, largely controlled by First Nations. He is also a founding member of the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, a representative body comprising the chiefs of several southern Shuswap communities. Chief Jules has served on various regional, provincial and national committees and is invited to speak at more than 40 conferences and workshops annually. Mr. Chancellor, for his outstanding contributions to people across Canada, please confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon CLARENCE THOMAS JULES.



Mr. Chancellor, at the core of every university institution lies the desire and the determination to teach, to uncover new ideas and theories, and ultimately, to make a difference. To achieve this, we must look beyond our own borders to other parts of the world. As president of Japan's Ritsumeikan University, Dr. Masateru Ohnami has made great steps towards this goal. He was instrumental in implementing the academic exchange program between the University of British Columbia and Ritsumeikan University. During negotiations, Dr. Ohnami served on Ritsumeikan's Board of Directors, and then continued to assist in overseeing the program during its early years at UBC. As a result of this initiative, UBC is able to promote Canada-Japan research, teaching and cultural exchanges. For example, each year for the last six years, approximately 100 Japanese students have stayed at Ritsumeikan-UBC House on campus. Not only do visiting students learn about UBC and Canadian culture, but they provide an exchange of ideas and cultures between other UBC students. As a result of Dr. Ohnami's international vision, Ritsumeikan University has now become a model for other international outreach programs in Japan. Dr. Ohnami is also noted as a distinguished scholar and researcher, with six books and 200 papers published in various journals in his field of micro and macro plasticity, and fracture mechanics. In addition, he has made significant contributions to his university, having served as Dean of Academic Affairs, Dean of the Faculty of Science and Engineering, as well as serving in his present position, as the seventh president of Ritsumeikan University. In the community, he has served on several professional councils and associations, including the Science Council of Japan and the Ministry of Education's Science Council. Mr. Chancellor, for his outstanding success in forging international links and his contributions to the field of Science, please confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon DR. MASATERU OHNAMI.


Mr. Chancellor, our lives are enriched by those who give freely to their profession and their community. Alfred Scow has shown an uncommon generosity of spirit in helping other people live up to their full potential, particularly people of First Nations descent. A UBC alumnus, Judge Scow was the first Aboriginal person in British Columbia to graduate with a Bachelor of Law degree, and in 1962, he became the first Aboriginal lawyer in B.C. He has demonstrated vision, integrity and dedication to social justice throughout his career. He served as a judge for the Provincial Court of British Columbia from 1971 to 1992, and then as an ad hoc judge for more than a year. Prior to retiring, he was principal of The SHS Group, an organization that provides alternative dispute resolution services for First Nations bands and organizations. He is a tireless supporter of UBC and has been instrumental in establishing First Nations studies at UBC. He recently established an award to help First Nations students, and is a key fundraising volunteer for the First Nations House of Learning. Judge Scow's other involvements with the university have included serving on an Advisory Committee for First Nations Education and the Faculty of Law; serving as a member of the Elder's Committee at the First Nations House of Learning; serving on the UBC Senate from 1990 to 1993; and serving as a member of the UBC Alumni Association Board of Management from 1983 to 1989. Alfred Scow has been actively involved in other community organizations, including serving on the Board of Directors for the Aboriginal Justice Centre and the Pacific Salmon Foundation. His professional and community efforts have been recognized with many awards, including the Great Trekker Award, from UBC's Alma Mater Society, the Canada 125 Medal, the Centennial Medal of Canada, and the Canadian Indian Arts Foundation Aboriginal Achievement Award. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon ALFRED JOHN SCOW.



Mr. Chancellor, to create art, and to convey a sense of the soaring human spirit, with only the voice, is a rare and precious talent. Ben Heppner has sung an exceptional range of roles in the world's major opera houses and done so to outstanding acclaim. His voice is truly remarkable, and he is an exacting artist who demands the best of himself in every performance. Born in the small B.C. town of Murrayville, near Langley, he grew up as the youngest of nine children, all musically talented. Life on the family farm centred on religious faith, hard work and close family bonds. He graduated from the University of British Columbia's School of Music in 1979, and subsequently studied at the Eastman School of Music in New York, the University of Toronto Opera School and the Canadian Opera Company Ensemble. Mr. Heppner gained national attention in 1979 as the winner of the CBC Talent Festival. He was Music Director at Rexdale Alliance Church from 1982 until 1986, and began his opera career at the Canadian Opera Company in Toronto. International attention followed when he was a finalist in the 1988 Metropolitan Opera Auditions and the first recipient of the Birgit Nilsson Prize. Since then he has enjoyed a growing career as a performer in the world's foremost opera houses and concert halls. Mr. Heppner debuted at La Scala in 1990 in a new production of Die Meistersinger, and then at the Metropolitan Opera in New York in 1991, as the King of Crete in Mozart's Idomeneo. Since these debuts, he has sung regularly at the Metropolitan Opera, the Canadian Opera Company, the San Francisco Opera and on opera and concert stages across Europe. Had he achieved only these professional distinctions, we might legitimately celebrate Mr. Heppner's career. But happily there is much more to celebrate in his life. Beyond the applause and spotlight, Mr. Heppner is a man of great faith, great generosity and great loyalty to Canada. He returns regularly to give performances with the Waterloo-Kitchener Symphony and willingly contributes his talents to many worthwhile causes in Canada. He is an honorary patron for the Friends of Vancouver Opera and is committed to the development of other Canadian artists. In 1990 Mr. Heppner was named UBC's Outstanding Young Alumnus and in 1994 received the Vanier Award from the Toronto Junior Board of Trade. Mr. Chancellor, I would now ask you to confer the Degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon THOMAS BERNARD HEPPNER.


Mr. Chancellor, we live in an age of growing international co-operation, for the benefit of all nations, and some of the most significant leaders in this worthy cause come to us from outside government circles. Shinroku Morohashi has for many years been a powerful advocate for increased trade and co-operation between nations of the world, particularly in regards to Japan and Canada. Born in Tokyo, he graduated from Sophia University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics and joined the Mitsubishi Corporation in 1947. His career there has been nothing short of remarkable, both for his success in rising through the corporation to assume its leadership, and for his expertise in developing international relationships. In 1980 Mr. Morohashi was appointed a director of Mitsubishi and became president in 1986. In 1992 he was appointed chair of the corporation's board of directors. Under his leadership, Mitsubishi has developed and prospered as a world-class corporation. His business experience in Japan, the Philippines, Europe, Canada and many other locations has made him a true internationalist. He has taken a particular interest in Canada, and his lengthy involvement as a key business leader in the development of the Japan-Canada economic relationship is widely recognized in both countries. In 1989 Mr. Morohashi was appointed leader of a Japanese Investment Study Mission to Canada, known as the "Morohashi" mission. The Japanese government and Keidanren, the Japan Federation of Economic Organizations, organized this mission at the joint request of the prime ministers of Japan and Canada. The Morohashi Mission had a profound effect on further developing partnerships between the two countries for their mutual benefit. Mr. Morohashi has been a good friend of The University of British Columbia. He played a key role in the creation of the Centre for Japanese Research at UBC, through the University's World of Opportunity Campaign. The Centre is an important focus of research for economic, political, social and technological issues, and promotes dialogue on major issues of common concern to Canada and Japan. Mr. Morohashi has been honoured with high level recognition from around the world, including Poland, Brazil, Venezuela, Chile, Argentina and the Philippines. In 1990 he was awarded the Medal of Merit with Blue Ribbon by the Japanese government, recognizing his distinguished service to the economics, commerce and international trade sectors. He received an honorary degree from The University of Victoria in 1995. Mr. Chancellor, I would now ask you to add to this list of honours, and confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon SHINROKU MOROHASHI.



Madam Vice-Chancellor, it is not often that a political commentator consistently produces work that both commands high regard within academic circles, and resonates widely with the general public. Jeffrey Simpson is an exceptional political journalist, noted for his intellectual insights, his ability to communicate effectively in a variety of media, and his energetic advocacy of higher education. Mr. Simpson studied at the University of Toronto, Queen's University and the London School of Economics before embarking on his journalistic career with The Globe and Mail in 1973. Beginning with coverage of City Hall in Toronto, he went on to serve as the paper's European correspondent for two years. In 1984, he began writing his national affairs columns for the Globe. Mr. Simpson has authored several books, as well as numerous magazine articles. His writing is of such quality that he has been honoured with all three of Canada's leading literary prizes: the Governor General's Award for Non-Fiction, the National Magazine Award for political writing, and the National Newspaper Award for column-writing. He has spoken at dozens of major conferences and is a regular contributor to television and radio programs in both English and French. Mr. Simpson actively participates in the governance and intellectual lives of a number of academic institutions in Canada. He is a member of the Board of Trustees at Queen's University; the Advisory Board of Green College, UBC; the Advisory Board of the Review of Constitutional Studies at the University of Alberta; the Editorial Board of the Queen's Quarterly; and the Canadian Consortium for Asia Pacific Security at York University and the University of Toronto. In 1993-94, Mr. Simpson was on leave from his column as a John S. Knight Fellow at Stanford University. He has also served as a Skelton-Clark Fellow and a Brockington Visitor at Queen's University. He has lectured at UBC as a J.V. Clyne Fellow and been a Distinguished Visitor at the University of Alberta. His is a passionate voice advocating support for UBC and other institutions of higher education; in his column, he has written "In the modern economy, the links between prosperity and human capital are critical for growth and social justice….Therefore, government's task is to foster human-capital development." Madam Vice-Chancellor, I ask that you recognize these many contributions by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon JEFFREY CARL SIMPSON.



Mr. Chancellor, Alan Cairns is Canada's leading political scientist. His research and scholarly publications have profoundly shaped our views of the Canadian political landscape for more than 30 years. Alan Cairns was educated at the University of Toronto and then Oxford, where he received his Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1963. Appointed to UBC as a faculty member in 1960, he went on to serve as head of the Political Science department from 1973 to 1980, and continued as a faculty member until his retirement from university in 1995. Other academic appointments have included visiting professorships at Memorial University, the universities of Toronto and Edinburgh, and Harvard University. He was the first holder of the Brenda and David McLean Chair in Canadian Studies at UBC from 1993 to 1995, and was the John Willis Distinguished Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Law, at the University of Toronto, from 1995 to 1996. For the past two years, he has held the Law Foundation of Saskatchewan Chair in the College of Law, at the University of Saskatchewan. Dr. Cairns' work has profoundly influenced the way scholars think about issues such as federalism, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the operation of democracy and the rights of Aboriginal peoples. Among political scientists, no Canadian is quoted or cited more frequently than he. His major publications focus on British imperialism; economic, political and educational needs and policies relating to First Nations peoples of Canada; constitutional issues from the Charter of Rights to the Meech Lake Accord; and the implications of constitutional reform. From 1983 to 1985, he was Research Director for Institutions for the Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada. His work and career have garnered significant recognition. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1977, he received the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal, as well as the President's Medal from the University of Western Ontario. In 1982, he was awarded a Canada Council Molson Prize, and was a Canada Council Killam Research Fellow from 1989 to 1991. He has received honorary degrees from Carleton University and the University of Toronto. And in 1994, he was the first recipient of the Governor General's International Award for Canadian Studies. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you add to this list of honours by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon ALAN C. CAIRNS.


Mr. Chancellor, nations take giant steps forward in their histories through the committed efforts of individual men and women. The Republic of Chile took a giant step in 1989, when Patricio Aylwin was elected president - the country's first democratically elected president following 17 years of military dictatorship. Patricio Aylwin was born in Chile in 1918. He attended the University of Chile, where he studied the law. After graduating, he practised law and became a professor of administrative law at the University of Chile and the Catholic University of Santiago. He also taught civic education and political economy at the National Institute in Santiago. Mr. Aylwin was secretary of the Chilean Institute for Legal Studies from 1949 to 1954, National Adviser of the College of Lawyers from 1953 to 1957, and Vice-President of the College of Lawyers from 1985 to 1986. He was also very active politically, and served seven terms as president of the Christian Democratic Party. In 1965, he was elected to the Chilean Senate, and served as president of the Senate from 1971 to 1972. He participated in attempts to re-establish democracy in Chile following the coup of 1973, and headed the 1988 coalition of "No" votes against the dictatorship of the Pinochet government. The coalition forced a plebiscite that led to the democratic elections of 1989. Mr. Aylwin was elected president and served from 1990 to 1994. As president, he focused primarily on three areas: re-establishing democratic institutions within Chile; seeking truth and achieving justice concerning human rights violations under the previous regime; and promoting reconciliation among the people of Chile. Following his term, he became president of the Justice and Democracy Corporation and was made honorary president of the Christian Democratic International Alliance. The tragic abuses of human rights in Chile during the years of military dictatorship are well documented. The victory of democracy in 1989 signalled the dawn of a new era in Chilean government and society. Men and women such as Mr. Aylwin played a critical role in re-establishing democracy in their country, often at great personal risk. We do well to honour their leadership and dedication, for the causes of democracy and education go hand-in-hand. Patricio Aylwin has received honorary degrees from six universities in Chile and ten more around the world, including Georgetown and Notre Dame universities in the United States, Waseda University in Japan and La Sorbonne University in France. Mr. Chancellor, I ask you to add to this list of honours by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon PATRICIO AYLWIN AZOCAR.



Mr. Chancellor, leading a major corporation to the top of its industry and long-term financial success is a great challenge in itself. When that growth is achieved in tandem with wide-spread acclaim for the corporation's ethical conduct, and demonstrated commitment to domestic and international communities, we can truly use the word "success" to describe both the organization and the individual who leads it. Roy Vagelos was educated at the University of Pennsylvania and then Columbia University, where he completed a medical degree in 1954. His career took him to the National Institutes of Health, followed by Washington University in St. Louis, where he was chair of the Department of Biological Chemistry. Author of more than 100 scientific papers, he received the Enzyme Chemistry Award of the American Chemical Society. In 1972, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, in recognition of his outstanding research accomplishments. In 1975, Dr. Vagelos joined Merck and Company. Starting as Senior Vice-President for Research, he eventually became Chief Executive Officer, serving from 1985 to 1994. He was also Chair of the board of Directors from 1986 to 1994. Dr. Vagelos re-shaped the research program at Merck and introduced the concept of "rational drug discovery." This was a trend-setting departure from standard practice and is credited with pushing Merck to the top of its field. At the same time, he emphasized the need for sound ethical decisions by the company, as well as strong commitment to community health. Under his leadership, Merck was recognized by Fortune magazine for seven years in a row as the most admired corporation in America, citing characteristics such as quality of management, and community and environmental responsibility. In 1992, the company's Canadian arm, Merck Frosst, announced it would invest $15 million to establish a Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics at UBC, promoting leading-edge, basic research in advanced genetics and neural diseases. Since 1988, Dr. Vagelos has served on the Board of Trustees at the University of Pennsylvania, and has been Chair of the Board since 1994. He has been recognized for his leadership and achievements with honorary degrees from nine universities, including Princeton, Rutgers and Columbia. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you add to this list of honours by conferring the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon P. ROY VAGELOS.



Mr. Chancellor, as we approach the millennium, the globalization of our society and the breaking down of international barriers are receiving great attention. It is important for us to remember, however, that this evolution in understanding and co-operation between nations has developed gradually through sustained efforts by individuals and organizations working to improve our world through enhanced international relations. John Bell earned his Bachelor of Commerce degree from UBC in 1962, and immediately embarked upon a career in foreign service for Canada. His first assignment was with the Canadian government's Trade Commissioner Service, and he went on to serve in various capacities in Stockholm, Accra, Abidjan, Paris and Sydney. In 1984, he was appointed Canadian Ambassador to the Ivory Coast, followed by Brazil in 1987, and then became High Commissioner to Malaysia in 1993. While in Malaysia he was instrumental in establishing direct air links between Vancouver and Kuala Lumpur, an important advance in promoting trade and international relations between the two countries. In between foreign postings, he handled various assignments within the Canadian Department of External Affairs in the trade and environment sectors. In 1992, Mr. Bell served as Canada's chief negotiator for the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. That summit played a key role in creating among the global community a heightened awareness of the fragility of our planet, and spurred an international commitment to address environmental issues. During the lead-up to the summit, he served as special adviser to Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs and headed the Canadian delegation on environmental issues. In 1997, Mr. Bell served as Ambassador for Canada's Year of Asia Pacific, an important celebration which furthered our country's key relationships across the Pacific Rim. Throughout his career, he has been a proud and tireless proponent for UBC, and he returned to campus in 1993 as Adjunct Professor in the Sustainable Development Research Institute. In 1995, the UBC Alumni Association honoured Mr. Bell with the Alumni Award of Distinction, given to a graduate in recognition of outstanding international achievement. Recently, Mr. Bell was appointed a Distinguished Visiting Fellow in the Centre for Dialogue at Simon Fraser University, where he will contribute the skills and perspectives developed through his many achievements in foreign service and international relations. Mr. Chancellor, for these many reasons, I ask that you now confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon JOHN PETER BELL.



Mr. Chancellor, institutions of higher learning represent our greatest resource for opportunity and advancement, and for social and economic well-being. These institutions, and especially the finest of them, are built with the vision and guidance of those who see not only what lies ahead, but what is possible and how to achieve it. David Strangway served as President of UBC from 1985 to 1997. Through his leadership, the university we see today is better-equipped, more inclusive, more efficient and offers a greater range of opportunities and support for advanced learning and research than at any time in its history. His own higher education was gained at the University of Toronto, culminating with a doctoral degree in Physics in 1960. Subsequently, he held teaching positions at the University of Colorado, MIT and Toronto. In 1970, he joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as Chief of the Geophysics Branch, and became responsible for the geophysical aspects of the Apollo missions. In 1973 he returned to the University of Toronto to head the Geology department. From 1980 to 1985 he served as Vice-President and ultimately President of the university. In November of 1985 he took office as the 10th president of UBC, and initiated development of the first mission statement document ever produced by a Canadian university. Dr. Strangway emphasized the need for partnership with government and the private sector to advance research and development activities and technology transfer. He also stressed partnership with the community, and the university developed an Official Community Plan. He brought a strong international vision and emphasized the importance of global perspectives, relationships and opportunities in the teaching and research activities of faculty, staff and students. Today, UBC ranks with the great publicly funded, research universities not only of Canada, but North America and the Pacific Rim. Recently, he was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of the Canada Foundation for Innovation, where he will continue his public service in support of leading research at universities and not-for-profit institutions in our country. Dr. Strangway has received many awards throughout his career, including honorary degrees from five universities in Canada and two in Japan. He received the Community Leadership Award from the Vancouver Board of Trade, and the Haida Nation bestowed upon him the name "Kil-Sli," to recognize him as a person of high honour. In 1996, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you add to this list of awards by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon David William Strangway.


Mr. Chancellor, the ability to plan communities so as to develop their most positive aspects requires a rare, interdisciplinary combination of vision, analysis and leadership. H. Peter Oberlander, after receiving a Bachelor of Architecture degree at McGill University in 1945, became the first Canadian to attain a doctorate in Regional Planning from Harvard University. He has achieved many firsts since then. His teaching career at UBC began in 1950 in the School of Architecture, and a decade later he founded our School of Community and Regional Planning, in the Faculty of Graduate Studies - the first graduate school in the discipline in Canada. He is well-known for his teaching, research, and encouragement of students and professionals in Canada and around the world, helping them to see not only what ought to be done, but how to achieve it. In addition to his university career, he has given extensive service to his community and the people of Canada. In the 1960s he was elected member and chairman of the Vancouver School Board; appointed member and chairman of the Vancouver Town Planning Commission; and later served on the Board of Vancouver Community College. In 1970 Prime Minister Trudeau called Dr. Oberlander to Ottawa to become Secretary of the new Ministry of State for Urban Affairs, and a Director of the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Upon his return to our campus, he was instrumental in bringing the UN Conference on Human Settlements, Habitat I to Vancouver. Subsequently he was founding director of the Centre for Human Settlements at UBC. He has been a pioneer in advising the governments and peoples of newly independent countries on planning their urban regions. Starting in 1955, he has acted as a consultant to the United Nations on housing and planning in West Africa, the Caribbean and Asia. He has served the UN in a variety of key positions over the last four decades. In recent years he has been elected a Trustee of the Human Solidarity Foundation and a Director of Canada's Sustainable Cities Foundation. His academic achievements and community service are well-recognized. In 1993, UBC created the H. Peter Oberlander Medal and Prize, to honour his decades of teaching and research at the University. In 1995, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada and received the Lamda Alpha International Urban Affairs Award. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you add to this list of awards by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon H. Peter Oberlander.



Mr. Chancellor, over the past 30 years the people of the world, and specifically leaders of governments and international organizations, have gained a new appreciation of the critical role forests play as sources of health, biodiversity, and economic and social well-being. No individual has contributed more to advancing that enlightened view than John Spears. He has influenced the directions of international forestry, and the activities undertaken by the United Nations and other agencies to protect the world's forests. He is a leader in international discussions about the need to develop, use and conserve our forests, and about finding a balanced approach in which human society and nature receive equal consideration. Mr. Spears pursued his early forestry education at the University of Wales and Oxford, then started his career with the Colonial Forest Service in Kenya in 1952. He subsequently attended UBC, completing a Master of Forestry degree in 1961. From 1962 until 1965, he was Executive Director of the Kenya Forest Industries Corporation, where he was responsible for establishing one of the first pulp and paper ventures in the Third World based on short-rotation plantations. The mill was a success, and continues to run today. This achievement was enormously important to international forestry, because it demonstrated that intensively managed plantations, frequently planted on marginal agricultural lands, could substitute for native forests. This opened the door to sustaining a forest-based industry while preserving natural forests for their ecological values. From 1965 on, Mr. Spears has worked with international agencies, first with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, then with the World Bank, where he served as Chief Forester and Senior Environmental Adviser. He has been pivotal in building international co-operation in forestry, taking the lead in developing and articulating the concepts that would convince world leaders to view forests as a critical source of life, health, and social and economic development. From 1989 to 1993, he was the Natural Resources Sciences Adviser to the UN-sponsored Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. Subsequently he served as a consultant to former U.S. President Jimmy Carter's Global 2000 Programme, as well as assisting a number of international organizations concerned with forestry and sustainable development. In 1995, he became Secretary General to the World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you recognize these outstanding contributions by conferring the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon JOHN STEPHEN SPEARS.



Mr. Chancellor, outstanding men and women of science contribute to our society not only through the specific advances in knowledge they create, but through their leadership in developing centres of scientific discovery, and through encouraging young colleagues in their own scientific careers. In all of these ways, Stephen Michael Drance is the embodiment of the finest qualities of a scientific leader. He has built a long career in the field of ophthalmology and glaucoma research, chiefly at the University of British Columbia, and has been the principal architect of a superb ophthalmology department and research team here in Vancouver. Stephen Drance received his early training at the University of Edinburgh, and joined the University of Saskatchewan in 1957 as a professor of ophthalmology. In 1963, he came to UBC. A decade later he was named head of the Department of Ophthalmology, a position he held for seventeen years until his retirement from the university in 1990. During his career, Dr. Drance has variously served as President of the Canadian Ophthalmological Society, the International Perimetric Society and the Glaucoma Society of the International Congress on Ophthalmology. He has also been Chair of the Medical Advisory Committee of the B.C. Health Science Research Foundation, and both a member and executive member of the Medical Research Council of Canada. In addition to his leadership in the medical field, Dr. Drance has enriched our community in a variety of volunteer capacities. He has served on the Board of Directors for the Vancouver Art Gallery, has been a board member, Vice-President and President of the Vancouver Chamber Choir, and has chaired the University Endowment Land Ratepayers Association and the University Hill School Board. His distinguished career has brought many honours to Dr. Drance. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in England and Canada, and an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Ophthalmology in Australia and the College of Ophthalmology in the United Kingdom. He has received honorary degrees from Oulo University in Finland and Dalhousie University. In 1987, Dr. Drance was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. The Stephen Drance Chair in Ophthalmology was established at UBC in his honour, and builds on his work in positioning the department into a leadership role in North America in the research and treatment of eye disease. Mr. Chancellor, I would ask you to add to this list of honours by conferring the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon STEPHEN MICHAEL DRANCE.



Mr. Chancellor, in his roles as teacher, researcher and administrator, Professor Emeritus Erich Vogt has truly served as an ambassador of science and technology in British Columbia, Canada and around the world. Erich Vogt completed his undergraduate and master's degrees at the University of Manitoba and obtained his doctorate from Princeton University in 1955.A talented theoretical physicist, Dr. Vogt started working as a researcher at the Chalk River Nuclear Laboratory in 1956. He held the position of senior research officer at that facility from 1960 to 1965, when he came to UBC. In the three decades that have followed, Erich Vogt has made an outstanding contribution to this university. He is best known as one of the founders of TRIUMF, the sub-atomic physics laboratory based at UBC. He was a leader in developing the facility and served as its director from 1981 to 1984. During this period he acted boldly in developing his vision for science in Canada. Key to that vision was the KAON project which proposed to use TRIUMF's facilities to undertake major international research activities. Although the project was not realized, Dr. Vogt garnered the support of provincial, federal and foreign governments, helping to raise the profile of science in this country. As a researcher he has received many honours, including election to the Royal Society of Canada and the Canadian Association of Physicists' Medal of Achievement. As a teacher Erich Vogt has conveyed his passion for science for more than 30 years and continues to teach first year physics at UBC.In addition to these contributions, he served as vice-president, Faculty and Student Affairs at UBC from 1975 to 1981. The community beyond the campus has also benefited from Dr. Vogt's commitment to learning and service. He was the founding chair of the Science Council of B.C. and a board member of Science World. He was an executive member of the Vancouver Institute for 10 years and was elected an honorary lifetime member in 1992. He has also served as a director of the B.C. Cancer Foundation. For his unfailing public service, Dr. Vogt was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1976. His other awards for service include the Centennial Medal of Canada and the Vancouver Award for Distinction in the Profession. Mr. Chancellor, I ask you to add to this list of honours by conferring the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon ERICH WOLFGANG VOGT.



Mr. Chancellor, researchers at the University of British Columbia will be able to take the kind of risks that lead to scientific breakthroughs for years to come through the extraordinary vision demonstrated by alumnus Dr. Stewart Blusson. As a geologist, Dr. Blusson's dedication to and love for research led him on a long, cold journey of more than 40 years, mapping and prospecting in Canada's Far North. Following a 700-kilometre path made by glaciers thousands of years ago, Dr. Blusson's effort and his unshakeable belief led him to one of the world's largest diamond fields. The Ekati mine in the Northwest Territories, Canada's first diamond mine, began production last October. Stewart Blusson strongly believes that we, as Canadians, must improve the level of research in Canada. Last fall, Dr. Blusson provided UBC with a 50-million-dollar gift to be used to promote basic scientific research. It is the largest single charitable gift in Canadian history. Dr. Blusson's gift will support the funding of infrastructure and equipment that will help take UBC to a new level of research and academic excellence in the 21st century. Dr. Blusson completed a Bachelor of Science degree at UBC in 1960 and received his PhD from the University of California at Berkeley in 1964. For the next 15 years he displayed extraordinary skills in field work with the federal Geological Survey of Canada, leading regional geological mapping and research programs in the central Yukon and part of British Columbia. Dr. Blusson left the Geological Survey to explore the modes of formation of mineral deposits from Mexico to the Arctic, piloting his own plane and helicopter. He discovered a number of important occurrences of gold, copper and other metals in North America. His authoritative knowledge of Canadian and global geology led him to conclude that conditions for the occurrence of diamonds in Canada were favourable, and he developed an exploration plan using highly refined scientific methods. Dr. Blusson continues to conduct arduous scientific fieldwork in the mountains of Northern and Western Canada and in the Canadian Shield. Energetic, determined and innovative, he quietly pursues dreams of new discoveries. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you recognize his remarkable geological achievements and lasting contribution to Canadian academic research by conferring the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon STEWART L. BLUSSON.



Mr. Chancellor, public service takes many forms and takes place at every level of society, from organizations with a neighbourhood focus to senior positions in national government. Although they may be involved in very different kinds of activity, successful public servants share something in common - putting the interests of others before their own. Shirley Chan is a model of responsible and effective public service that springs from an admirable selflessness. She was educated at Simon Fraser University and earned a Master's in Environmental Studies at York University in 1978. She was chief of staff to the mayor of Vancouver between 1981 and 1986, and executive assistant to the president of BCIT in 1987 and 1988. Her professional career has focused on environmental and community planning. Her strongly developed sense of community welfare is reflected in her position as director of Non-market Housing for the City of Vancouver. In this capacity she has worked with and for the homeless. She manages a staff of 100 people, a portfolio of housing and long-term care facilities, and a community resource centre. In each of the positions she has held, whether as an environmental planner for the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development in Ontario, or as a community planner for the City of Toronto, it is clear that her primary interest is in people and their needs. She brought this strong sense of public duty to VanCity Savings Credit Union, where she served as chair from 1993 to 1995. During her term, VanCity earned the Corporate Philanthropic Leadership Award from the Association of Fundraising Professionals for helping to improve the lives of British Columbians. That same year Ms. Chan's achievements were acknowledged by her alma mater when she received the Outstanding Alumni Award from SFU for outstanding service to the community. In 1992, Ms. Chan was appointed to UBC's Board of Governors. From 1995 to 1998, she served as a most conscientious and responsive chair, steering the Board through a very challenging period and always making certain that her colleagues did not lose sight of the human dimension of any issue. She continues to serve on the President's Advisory Committee to Develop a Downtown Presence for UBC. Mr. Chancellor, for her dedication and commitment to the improvement of society, I ask that you confer the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon SHIRLEY YING CHAN.



Mr. Chancellor, Canadians know more about their country and better appreciate what they have thanks to a most prominent and popular journalist, author and editor, Peter C. Newman. He has served as editor-in-chief of the country's largest newspaper, The Toronto Star. He is credited with saving its national magazine Maclean's. His 21 books about Canadian politics and business have sold over two million copies. His unique and lasting contribution is unparalleled in Canadian literature. Peter Newman fled to Canada from his native Austria in 1940 to escape the atrocities of Nazi Germany. After earning a BA at the University of Toronto, he joined The Financial Post where he held several editorial positions. In 1971 he moved to Maclean's and began an 11-year tenure in which he transformed the heavily indebted publication into Canada's first successful weekly newsmagazine. During this time he also forged his reputation as a newspaper columnist syndicated in 29 Canadian newspapers and writing extensively for the world's major newspapers. His comprehensive and analytical research and writing style have earned international recognition and virtually every major award in Canadian journalism. As well as being an active participant in business and politics, Peter Newman's generous involvement in helping the underprivileged includes serving on the Board of Directors of the National Youth Orchestra and the St. Paul's Hospital Foundation. In 1997, he was honorary patron of Timmy's Christmas Telethon, the largest telethon in Canada, raising 5 million dollars to help disabled children. He is also a founding member of the Committee for an Independent Canada and the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting. Peter Newman has been made Companion of the Order of Canada, and is a recipient of honorary doctorates from Queen's, York and Wilfred Laurier universities and from the Royal Military College. It is fitting that he also be recognized in B.C., his beloved and adopted province, where he has made his home since 1982. His writing, including a weekly business column for Maclean's, offers a West Coast perspective to the rest of the country in a continuing flow of political thought and comment. He is an adjunct professor in UBC's Sing Tao School of Journalism. Peter Newman has pioneered a new kind of writing and a lively, objective editorial point of view. Mr. Chancellor, I ask you add to his list of honours by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon PETER CHARLES NEWMAN.



Mr. Chancellor, the world community has international standards and norms established by consensus due to the diligence, wisdom and persistence of individuals such as William H. Barton. Throughout a distinguished 40-year career as a Canadian ambassador and diplomat, Dr. Barton was widely acclaimed as an exceptional negotiator and conciliator. After receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree at UBC in 1940, Dr. Barton served as an officer in the Canadian army until 1946. His war experience led to a position at the Defence Research Board. He was seconded to the Department of External Affairs in 1952 and served in major diplomatic posts in Vienna, Geneva and New York. Dr. Barton was internationally recognized as an authority on peace and security issues. As Canada's ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva from 1972 to 1976, he made an important contribution to the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks. He was asked to chair what came to be known as "The Barton Group," which fast became the clearing house for views on all disarmament matters among Western countries. The Barton Group still meets weekly whenever the General Assembly or the Commission on Disarmament is in session. In the fall of 1976, Dr. Barton became Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations in New York. In 1977 and 1978, he represented Canada on the UN Security Council and took his turn as president of the Security Council. After retiring in 1980, Dr. Barton continued his involvement in international affairs. His considerable experience was an invaluable asset in the formation of the Canadian Institute for International Peace and Security. He served as the Institute's first chairman from 1984 to 1989. Throughout the years, Dr. Barton has remained an enthusiastic supporter of the University of British Columbia. In 1994, Dr. Barton received the Order of Canada, and was cited as a highly respected and trusted diplomat who enhanced Canada's role and stature in the international community. Mr. Chancellor, I ask that you recognize his outstanding contributions to Canada and to the international community by conferring the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon WILLIAM HICKSON BARTON.



Mr. Chancellor, when history collides with academic life, the impact can transform the everyday into the inspirational. Kalman Joseph Roller was the dean of the Sopron Forestry School in Sopron, Hungary when the Hungarian Revolution began in 1956. Rather than live under the tyranny of totalitarianism, Dr. Roller, in an extraordinary display of courage and determination, led faculty, students, and their family members in an escape across the Austrian border. There, he reformed the faculty in exile and appealed for help in re-establishing the school. Only Canada was prepared to receive the entire faculty. In 1957 these almost 200 individuals immigrated to Canada and affiliated with the UBC Faculty of Forestry. Here, students were allowed to complete their studies as one academic body and in their own mother tongue, fulfilling Dr. Roller's vision of continuity. Dr. Roller continued to serve as dean of the Sopron Division of Forestry within UBC's Forestry Faculty. Sopron graduates from UBC distinguished themselves academically - nearly one-third took graduate degrees and assumed academic positions in faculties of Forestry throughout Canada and the U.S. But Dr. Roller's career did not begin or end with this unique historical achievement. He obtained his undergraduate degree in Forest Engineering in 1937 and his doctorate in Forestry in 1954, the year he was named dean of the Faculty of Forestry at the University of Sopron. After settling here at UBC, Dr. Roller earned his Master of Science degree in Plant Genetics in 1967. He became a research scientist at the Canadian Forest Research Institute in Winnipeg and Fredericton until his retirement in 1978 as one of Canada's most distinguished forest scientists. His career included international projects in South America and Holland. He revised Canadian reforestation methods, particularly for fast-growing trees, and created a new classification method for natural and hybrid poplars. The author of many academic papers, Dr. Roller also wrote two books that told the story of the foresters' exodus from Hungary. For restructuring and rebuilding the Sopron University in Hungary, Dr. Roller received the National Order of Professional Merit from the Hungarian government. He holds the distinction of being an honorary member of the Association of British Columbia Professional Foresters and has been named to the National Science Foundation. Mr. Chancellor, for his outstanding achievements as a scientist and educator and his unique achievement as a humanitarian, I ask you to confer the degree Doctor of Science, honoris causa, upon KALMAN JOSEPH ROLLER.



Mr. Chancellor, few individuals are given the opportunity or the solemn duty to contribute to the development and reform of the law throughout Canada. One of Canada's most distinguished jurists, the Right Honourable Chief Justice Antonio Lamer has been given that opportunity and has made a most significant contribution.

Antonio Lamer obtained his law degree at the Université de Montreal in 1956 and was called to the Bar of Quebec in 1957. He was appointed a Justice of the Quebec Superior Court in 1969. During the time he was a Superior Court Justice, he was seconded to the Law Reform Commission of Canada where he served as vice-chair and chair. While a member of the commission, he supervised and contributed to an extensive body of published research. He was elevated to the Quebec Court of Appeal in 1978 and to the Supreme Court of Canada in 1980 -- one of the youngest judges ever appointed to Canada's highest court. His appointment coincided closely with the introduction of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The interpretation of that Charter has brought all courts and judges much more into the public view and Chief Justice Lamer has been a leader in the development of charter law. He was appointed Chief Justice of Canada in 1990. Under his leadership the Supreme Court has given judgements on issues that lie at the heart of Canadian law and nationhood, including the Delgamuukw decision on aboriginal title and the Quebec Secession Reference. As Chief Justice of Canada, Antonio Lamer not only presides over the Supreme Court of Canada, but also other important national institutions crucial to the quality of Canada's judiciary. He is a member of the Privy Council of Canada, Deputy Governor-General and chair of the Canadian Judicial Council in addition to other important offices. He served for many years as a lecturer at the Université de Montreal and continues to promote excellence in university legal education. A recipient of numerous honorary degrees, Chief Justice Lamer has also received many awards and distinctions including being named a Knight of Justice, Order of St. John in 1993.

Mr. Chancellor, for his outstanding contribution as a jurist and a citizen, I ask you to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon Antonio Lamer.


Mr. Chancellor, raising the standard of economic analysis of public policy is a task of daunting proportion. Issues such as inflation, unemployment, international trade and economic welfare are as complex as they are critical to the prosperity of any country. UBC alumnus Richard Lipsey has undertaken this task with great distinction. He is recognized as the pre-eminent Canadian economist of his generation and one of Canada's leading scholars.

Dr. Lipsey graduated from UBC in 1951. He obtained a Master of Arts degree from the University of Toronto and in 1957 earned a PhD from the London School of Economics. After completing his doctorate, he held academic appointments in the United Kingdom, at Queen's University, Simon Fraser University and at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, where he is the Alcan Fellow. Dr. Lipsey is known internationally for his contributions to the areas of micro-economic theory, public economics, international trade, industrial organization and macroeconomics. His research on general equilibrium theory has been applied to a variety of topics in public economics. He is also known to colleagues as one of the rare breed of scholars who has inspired researchers within his own field and in the broader realm of social science and public policy. Not content to be a theorist only, however, Dr. Lipsey has committed himself to the education of politicians, public servants, and legislators to ensure that economic theory moves out of the textbook and into application. He has been an active participant in public debates over economic policy in Canada. A major figure in a number of Canadian "think tanks" over the years, he has played a key role in advising government on various aspects of public policy. He is noted for the numerous articles he wrote in support of free trade during the national debate on that subject. One of the most influential educators of the last 50 years, Dr. Lipsey has published five significant textbooks with a variety of co-authors. His books have been translated into 15 languages and it is estimated that they have been read by more than 12 million students. A whole generation of Canadians has received its introduction to Economics through Professor Lipsey's textbook on the Principles of Economics.

Mr. Chancellor, for his contributions to the field of economics, his influence in debates on policy and his exceptional role as a teacher of economics, I ask you to confer the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, upon Richard George Lipsey.